By Francis M. Deng
The civil conflict that has intermittently raged within the Sudan for the reason that independence in 1956 is, in keeping with Francis Deng, a clash of contrasting and likely incompatible identities within the Northern and Southern elements of the rustic. id is noticeable as a functionality of ways humans determine themselves and are pointed out in racial, ethnic, cultural, linguistic, and non secular phrases. The identification query on the topic of how such ideas make sure or impact participation and distribution within the political, fiscal, social, and cultural lifetime of the rustic. warfare of Visions goals at laying off mild at the anomalies of the id clash. The competing versions within the Sudan are the Arab-Islamic mildew of the North, representing two-thirds of the rustic in territory and inhabitants, and the rest Southern 3rd, that is indigenously African in race, ethnicity, tradition, and faith, with an informed Christianized elite. yet even supposing the North is popularly outlined as racially Arab, the folks are a hybrid of Arab and African parts, with the African actual features predominating in such a lot tribal teams. This configuration is the results of a historic technique that stratified races, cultures, and religions, and fostered a " passing" into the Arab-Islamic mould that discriminated opposed to the African race and cultures. the result of this approach is a polarization that's established extra on fable than at the realities of the location. The id difficulty has been additional complex by means of the truth that Northerners are looking to model the rustic at the foundation in their Arab- Islamic identification, whereas the South is decidedly resistant. Francis Deng provides 3 substitute techniques to the identitycrisis. First, he argues that by way of bringing to the skin the realities of the African components of identification within the North-- thereby revealing features shared by means of all Sudanese--a new foundation for the production of a standard id will be confirmed that fosters equitable participation and distribution. moment, if the problems that divide end up insurmountable, Deng argues for a framework of assorted coexistence inside of a unfastened federal or accomplice association. 3rd, he concludes that partitioning the rustic alongside justified borders could be the in basic terms final choice to finish the devastating clash.
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Additional info for War of visions: conflict of identities in the Sudan
9624 subject : Sudan--Politics and government--1985- Page i WAR OF VISIONS Page ii Page iii WAR OF VISIONS Conflict of Identities in the Sudan Francis M. C. C. 20036 All rights reserved Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication data Deng, Francis Mading, 1938- War of visions: conflict of identities in the Sudan / Francis M. Deng. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-8157-1794-6 (alk. paper): — ISBN 0-8157-1793-8 (pbk. alk. paper): 1. Sudan — Politics and government — 1985- I.
The logical response was for the government to seek the unity of the country by pursuing the forced assimilation of the South through Arabization and Islamization, which, for the South, was tantamount to replacing British colonialism with Arab hegemony. Southern resistance intensified first in the political call for a federal arrangement and later in an armed struggle for secession. The political impasse created by the situation in the South prompted the military to take over in 1958, only two years after independence, with the aim of pursuing the strategies of Arabization and Islamization more vigorously, unhampered by parliamentary democracy.
To the southern Sudanese, as indeed to most black Africans, Africanism has acquired a dimension that has racial, cultural, and national connota- Page 4 tions. In the Sudanese context, the more the North asserts its Arabness, the more the South asserts Africanness as a counter-identity. In both the North and the South, then, identity factors have been moved from the realm of benign self-perception to the politically contested stage of national symbolism with the associated implications of shaping and sharing power, wealth, and other national values.