By Enrique Dussel, Eduardo Mendieta

Dussel indicates how North American and ecu philosophers have presupposed a no-longer-acceptable philosophy of heritage that has led them to fall right into a "developmental fallacy," the assumption that there's a linear series that strikes from the pre-modern, underdeveloped, or with a view to industrialisation, to the fashionable, constructed, and industrialised.

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O. Apel's Philosophy Since his habilitation thesis,1 the philosophy of language has been Apel's prefered thematic. In the Transformation der Philosophic1 Apel compiles articles where one may observe his new path. From a hermeneutic position, at that time phenomenological and even Heideggerian-Gadamerian, going through Charles W. Morris, Wittgenstein's criticism is conciliated with Heidegger, 3 where the "analysis of language" is subsumed. " Step by step, in dialogue with the philosophy of science, Apel opens a new discussion concerning a typology of rationality, and defines the subject of the possibility of an "ultimate foundation of ethics"7 in a growing confrontation with Habermas.

See my Para una etica de la liberation. Chapter V, paragraph 30, V. II, pp. 97 fF. This is the question of the "meta-physical or "trans-ontological" project (that neither Heidegger nor Habermas nor Levinas can formulate). It is not the project of either a "real communication community" or and "ideal," for Apel, but of the "historical-possible," as mediation between both. It is not "Being" as the ground­ ing of the ruling Totality, but the "Being-future" of the Totality constructed in the process of liberation.

The ethics of erotics ought to overcome sexuality in order to arrive at the person itself of the Other. A sexual relation­ ship is just if it respects, in justice, the person of the Other. In u. homosexual relationship such respect is not impossible. A Liberation Philosophy which thinks and formulates the liberation of women from the machist totality that alien­ ates the Other/woman, and therefore exalts heterosexuality as the full relation of complementarity, solidarity, and love for dis-tinction and justice, can not disallow the possibility of respect for the Other even in the case of the samesex erotic relationship (homosexuality in the hetero-personality).

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