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Additional info for The r-Process: The Astrophysical Origin of the Heavy Elements and Related Rare Isotope Accelerator Physics (Proceedings from the Institute for Nuclear Theory 13)

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2. M e a s u r e m e n t s of E C s t r e n g t h Improving the accuracy and range of EC measurements falls naturally into two parts: for stable nuclei and for radioactive nuclei. We discuss first techniques that have dominated CER measurements of EC strength for stable nuclei, and then turn to possible new approaches. In this context we discuss some of the issues involved in extracting weak strength from hadronic charge exchange cross sections. We then turn to the additional techniques and problems involved in CER measurements for radioactive nuclei.

2. Fission fragment distributions Although fission was discovered more than 50 years ago, the experimental information we have on this process is still rather restricted. In fact, only few nuclei have been intensively investigated because of their application to energy production. The main reason for this lack of experimental information is that nature provides only four fissile stable nuclides and few more long-lived ones decay spontaneously by fission. In this context, radioactive nuclear beams (RNB) offer a new access to fission that overcomes the previous limitations.

E. B. Messer, A. Mezzacappa, M. Liebendorfer, J. Sampaio, K. Langanke, D. J. Dean , and G. Marti'nez-Pinedo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91,201102 (2003). 4. E. Caurier, K. Langanke, G. Martinez-Pinedo, and F. Nowacki, Nucl. Phys. A 6 5 3 , 439(1999). 5. T. N. Taddeucci, C. A. Goulding, T. A. Carey, R. C. Byrd, C. D. Goodman, C. Gaarde, J. Larsen, D. Horen, J. Rapaport, and E. Sugarbaker, Nucl. Phys. A469, 125 (1987). 6. W. P. M. Spicer, Adv. Nucl. Phys. 24, 1 (1998). 7. S. Rakers, et al, Phys. Rev. C 65, 044323 (2002).

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