By Charles Chukwuma Soludo

This booklet maps the coverage approach and political economic system of policymaking in Africa. Its concentrate on alternate and commercial coverage makes it specific within the literature. designated case experiences support the choices can fluctuate from nation to state looking on the shape of presidency, ethnicity and nationality, and different social elements. The ebook will attract scholars and teachers in economics, political economic system, political technological know-how, and African experiences. pros, practitioners, and policymakers within the foreign donor neighborhood and either the governmental and nongovernmental sectors will enjoy the book’s specialise in study for impression and coverage switch.

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Most of the now discredited lSI strategies and national development plans of the earlier decades were designed and implemented largely with the financial and technical assistance of donors. Inherent in the role of donors in the policy process is the question of policy autonomy enj oyed by the African policy-makers. " Nothing can be further from reality. Most African countries (especially the 34 least developed countries out of the 49 in the world) depend heavily on external aid. Donor agencies, especially the Bretton Woods i nstitutions, have especially since the 1 980s become dominant in the policy choices of African countries - through policy­ lending under SAPs and the increased donor coordination under the Paris and London clubs of creditors.

To maintain the equilibrium, the minority had to excessively repress both the economic and political rights of the majority to the extent that the choice of policies was heavily determined by that equilibrium. Deliberate policies were chosen to exclude blacks both from the land and major economic activities except those who were not in a position to threaten the power base. Similar politics of suppression and exclusion obtains in Rwanda with the minority Tutsi population dominating both the economic and political structures against the majority Hutu group.

In a word, the "clout" wielded by individual bureaucrats 26 The Politics of Trade and Industrial Policy in Africa and policy-makers in government is an important variable in determining their influence on the policy process. The model could also shed light into the dynamics of negotiations and conflicts among bureaucrats that, in many cases, result in deliberate attempts by some well-connected and powerful bureaucrats to frustrate or sabotage policies they do not support. An aspect of the state-centred model of policy-making refers to the institutional arrangements and governance structure of the state.

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