By Margreet de Lange

“The lengthy background of censorship is a parallel and both strong heritage of literature. Censors endure witness to the ability of the be aware much more forcefully than the writers and the readers they give thought to dangerous.” (Index on Censorship 6/1996)
A severe overview of literature produced below censorship must understand that the stategies of the censors are replied by means of recommendations of the writers and the readers. to acknowledge self-censoring concepts in writing, it will be important to understand the categorical regulations of the censorship regime in query. In South Africa less than apartheid all writers have been faced with the query of ways to reply to the strain of censorship. This disagreement took a distinct shape even if, reckoning on what team the author belonged to and what language he/she used. by way of white writers writing in Afrikaans and white and black writers writing in English, this ebook offers the effect of censorship on South African literature a comparative exam which it has now not bought prior to. The booklet considers works through J.M.Coetzee, Nadine Gordimer, André breaking point, and others much less identified to readers outdoors South Africa like Karel Schoeman, Louis Krüger, Christopher wish, Miriam Tlali and Mtutuzeli Matshoba. It treats the censorship legislation of the apartheid regime in addition to, within the ultimate bankruptcy, the recent legislations of the Mandela executive which exhibits a few amazing similarities to its predecessor.
Margreet de Lange teaches Comparative Literature at Utrecht collage and coordinates the University’s interdisciplinary software of South African reports. She acquired her Ph.D. from the Graduate heart of town collage of recent York.
“De Lange expertly sketches within the ancient and literary backgrounds as she is going, taking us correct as much as the new (unsatisfactory) revision of the censorship legislation, making The Muzzled Muse a extremely important precis of literary censorship in South Africa, and a guide of what to protect opposed to within the future.”
Shaun de Waal, Mail & mother or father Sept. 26 to October 1, 1997

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Extra resources for The Muzzled Muse: Literature and censorship in South Africa

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The Application of the Publications Act 27 The reason for the broad definition of communism was, according to Van Rooyen, that: [i]n a state in transition like South Africa, with its politically developing and often undeveloped peoples, the organization which enacts this transition has to have the respect of the citizens. The transitional character of the South African political system makes the room for tolerance for political civil disobedience in general extremely limited (131, translation mine).

All authors were judged by the norms of a small minority. As far as literature was concerned, literary value could be an extenuating factor. This was the case with Sections 47(2)(a) and (b). In the English summary of his chapter on public morals, Van Rooyen states that “[l]iterary, scientific and artistic values are taken into consideration, but then only as equal values amongst other values. ” (94). The literary merit of the work could increase the tolerance for some moral and religious transgressions.

The standards that were used to judge publications for undesirability were determined by apartheid-ideology. The application of censorship was therefore necessarily discriminatory. All authors were judged by the norms of a small minority. As far as literature was concerned, literary value could be an extenuating factor. This was the case with Sections 47(2)(a) and (b). In the English summary of his chapter on public morals, Van Rooyen states that “[l]iterary, scientific and artistic values are taken into consideration, but then only as equal values amongst other values.

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