By Roger Schwarzschild (auth.)

Pluralities starts off with a concise advent to fresh theories of the semantics of plurals. the writer argues, opposite to lots of these theories, that plural discourse consists of entities comparable to units of people yet not anything such as better order units. throughout the publication, the reader turns into conversant in the linguistics info that lies on the middle of this debate together with large dialogue of reciprocals and of collectives (such because the committee). moreover, a different account of distributivity is proposed during which collective/distributive ambiguities are analyzed in pragmatic phrases. The account capitalizes at the concept that the universe could be partitioned otherwise at various issues in a discourse.
Pluralities could be obtainable to these with an introductory point historical past in model-theoretic semantics.

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Let us call these eNPs. All other NPs remain of type T = < e, < e,t > > and we'll call them T-NPs. Collective conjunction is then defined as in our sets theory and is therefore of type < e < e,e > >. Intersective conjunction remains of type < T < T,T > >. The stipulation in (61) is now reformulated in (63): (63) e-NPs conjoin with a collective < e, < e,e > > conjunction. T-NPs conjoin with an intersective > conJunctIon. At the very best (63) is a default rule since exceptions arise in all directions.

On this perspective, Landman (1989a) is the sets theory along with a specific proposal on how to handle distributivity. So we remain at this point with our two basic theories and in chapter 5 the question of how they each handle distributivity will be raised. This completes our review of the kind of work that forms the background to the two theories outlined in chapter 1. The purpose of these two theories is to capture in as simple a format as possible an important consideration that runs through much recent work on plurals despite differences in terminology, formal framework and particular linguistic concerns.

Furthermore, we can no longer be content with saying that the denotation of the definite article is a function that takes a set of sets and returns the largest one. Rather, we must say that it returns the largest first order set. This will still work for the singular case, since singletons are first order. General Arguments from VP Denotations 47 One might be tempted therefore to suggest that the conjunction and is ambiguous with a union interpretation associated with the examples in (105)-(106) and a sets interpretation associated with the noun phrases in (102)-(104).

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