By J. Hill

This publication analyses the political and ethnical tensions that signify Nigeria, which derive either from colonial and modern conflicts. It issues out 3 significant components why Nigeria has now not but collapsed like many different African states: ethnic strength sharing among the political elite, the army with its nationwide outlook, and oil wealth.

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Third, the federal, state and local authorities are not providing adequate primary, secondary or tertiary education to hundreds of thousands of young Nigerians. The exponential growth in the size of the country’s population over the past 20 years has created a huge number of children and adolescents in need of schooling. Yet, over the same period, government spending on education has fallen steadily. As a result, there simply are not enough schools, colleges, universities, laboratories, libraries, teachers, computers and learning materials to meet demand.

56 38 Nigeria Since Independence Thousands of people have died since Boko Haram took up arms again in the summer of 2009. It has killed indiscriminately; men, women and children, security forces personnel and civilians alike. There are few parts of the country which have not been touched by the violence. Indeed, so wide is its area of operation that when it is added to those of the MEND and the other insurgent factions there is nowhere that is safe from attack. This reality alone highlights the level of insecurity that many Nigerians must live with.

Second, there are limits to the Federal Government’s power over the country’s armed forces. That its control over them is stronger 22 The Enemy Within 23 than before is beyond question. The years of military rule during which senior officers answered to no one but each other are over. And the longer they remain out of power the stronger the current civil–military order grows. Yet few Nigerians are truly convinced that the army has renounced politics for good. This attitude is understandable given that only 15 years had passed since the military last held power.

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