By Nikolay Kardjilov, Giulia Festa

This booklet offers an intensive evaluation of the applying of neutron characterization options in cultural historical past to a large viewers and should be of curiosity to either scientists and non-scientists within the box. Archaeologists, paleontologists, restaurateurs and conservators, historians and creditors can be serious about the wealth of knowledge that may be received utilizing neutron thoughts, whereas fabric scientists and engineers will locate info of the experimental ideas and fabrics homes that may be decided.

Neutrons, because of their vulnerable interactions with fabrics, offer a penetrating, yet non-invasive probe of bulk homes. they permit the characterization of the composition and mechanical homes of fabrics, assisting to respond to questions on the topic of the relationship, the producing method or the country of decay of artefacts. they permit specific interrogation of the interior constructions of items that could be differently hidden from view.

The first component to the ebook is devoted to tales describing stunning discoveries caused by way of neutron ideas in a number of purposes. the second one part covers the experimental suggestions in applicable aspect: easy ideas, barriers and fields of program.

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Extra resources for Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

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In addition, some stabilization reinforcement parts inside the objects were identified. Measures of restauration become visible as areas with a different neutron contrast. 2 Bronze Sculptures and Lead Objects Tell Stories … 33 Fig. 3 Lead ingot from Siracusa in the experimental sample holder. The zoomed region refers to the middle cartouche (Triolo et al. 1 Description of the Investigated Artifacts Ancient roman lead ingots (3rd–1st century BC) were investigated by NT. The ingots are belonging to sunken roman ships in two different locations near Sicily’s coast.

Fig. 8 2nd neutron autoradiography, zooming of the brocade dress: detail of the pattern. 3 Rembrandt: “The Money Changer” and “Jacob Wrestling with the Angel” The painting The Money Changer is one of the earliest paintings by Rembrandt, dating from 1627 when Rembrandt was only 21 years old and still living in Leiden (Fig. 9). At a much later period, in 1660, Jacob wrestling with the Angel was created by him (Fig. 10). The first autoradiograph of the early work, the Parable of the Rich Man, shows that the entire composition of the painting is laid down in a dark paint containing a high Fig.

5 Height (cm) BK-16942 BK-1954-43 BK-16083 BK-1954-44 BK-1977-24 BK-1957-3 BK-1958-39 BK-1959-5 BK-1959-61 BK-16508 BK-1959-4 BK-1969-4 BK-16127 BK-NM-12080 Inv. Nr. H. Lehmann et al. through the object can be delivered. Some animations are available in the e-book version of the volume as well as online through the links given to each figure. 3 Experimental Setup For the investigation of the bronze sculptures the end position of the thermal neutron imaging station NEUTRA2 at the Paul-Scherrer-Institute, Switzerland, was used, where a beam diameter of 35 cm circular and homogenously illuminated was applied.

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