By Sajjad H. Rizvi

Mulla Sadra is among the most vital Islamic philosophers after Avicenna. during this exploration of his philosophy, Sajjad H. Rizvi examines the crucial doctrine of the modulation of being, and contextualises his paintings in the highbrow background of philosophical traditions within the Islamic East.

Reading and critiquing the works of Mulla Sadra from an analytical standpoint, this publication can pay specific consciousness to his textual content the Asfar, a piece which, as a result of its complexity, is frequently missed. taking a look at the concept that of philosophy as a lifestyle and a healing perform, this booklet explores the paradigm of the modulation of being within the philosophical strategy and metaphysics of Mulla Sadra and considers its diversified manifestations. Rizvi relates his philosophy to bigger developments and offers a overview of the sphere, charting and critiquing the dialogue at the subject to this point and exploring fresh proposal during this course, to teach how Sadrian idea was once addressed good into the 19th and 20th centuries.

This significant contribution to the examine of Mulla Sadra and the highbrow lifetime of the Safavid interval fills a tremendous hole within the box of Sadra reports and Islamic philosophy, and is quintessential to scholars of philosophy, faith and Islamic experiences, and Islamic philosophy in particular.

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Extra resources for Mullā Ṣadrā and Metaphysics: Modulation of Being

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6 The existence of multiple copies of manuscripts of these texts in libraries and collection within the Persianate world does not in itself attest to the wide acceptance of the ideas and arguments within them, nor does it necessarily mean that as school-texts they were fully read, digested, debated and critiqued. But the presence of these itinerant manuscripts (many of which are now in the British Library in London, Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris, the Chester Beatty Library in Dublin and Princeton University Library among other places) does signal the patronage and dissemination of the intellectual quest in the Islamic East.

At the culmination of this stage, the philosopher-wayfarer acquires a mastery over preliminaries into divinalia. The first journey is divided into ten stages that reveal the principle of modulation and the many senses of being. The first stage focuses on the nature of being qua being and its modes within mental being, written and spoken tokens of being and existence (hyparxis). indd 31 1/23/2009 4:56:10 PM 32 Preliminaries being such as actuality and potentiality, oneness and multiplicity, and the essential accidents of being qua being, that is quiddities.

Indeed, being ‘constantly flows’ through events and substances. This does not, it must be stressed, deny the existence of substance. Rather, substance is dethroned as the most basic ontic item and replaced with ‘process’. 140 Such a philosophical approach avoids ousiological reduction, that is the essentialising of the object of metaphysical inquiry as ‘substance’, and retains the focus upon being as a dynamic of reality that is individuated in its modes yet not reducible to them. 141 Finally, I approach Sadrian Íikmat as a metaphilosophical inquiry.

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