By Professor Audie Klotz

A rare outbreak of xenophobic violence in might 2008 stunned South Africa, yet hostility towards novices has an extended heritage. Democratization has channeled such discontent right into a non-racial nationalism that particularly objectives overseas Africans as a hazard to prosperity. discovering appropriate governmental and societal responses calls for a greater figuring out of the complicated legacies of segregation that underpin present immigration guidelines and practices. regrettably, traditional wisdoms of direction dependency advertise over the top fatalism and forget about how a lot South Africa is a regular settler kingdom. A century in the past, its coverage makers shared leading edge principles with Australia and Canada, and those friends, which now overtly combat with their very own racist prior, benefit renewed awareness. As unpalatable because the comparability may be to modern advocates of multiculturalism, rethinking regulations in South Africa may also supply classes for reconciling competing claims of indigeneity via a number of degrees of illustration and rights.

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2–3; Merle Lipton, Liberals, Marxists, and Nationalists: Competing Interpretations of South African History (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007). Lodge, Politics in South Africa. Neocosmos (From ‘Foreign Natives’) was most explicit about identifying and then rejecting these implications. 32 Migration and National Identity in South Africa Black Sash. Others have emerged in response to the new legal environment, such as Lawyers for Human Rights, which has developed programs designed specifically to promote and then protect rights enshrined in the Refugees Act of 1998 and other landmark legislation.

49 In contrast, it is precisely this same human rights culture that is problematic for Marxists and postcolonial scholars. 50 As part of a broader commentary on post-apartheid politics, he viewed the attacks of May 2008 as just one instance of what might appear to be legitimate populist rage against social and economic inequalities inherited from apartheid. ”51 Instead of examining the causes of poverty, people across class lines passively look to the state, but the state itself is the very source of a definition of indigenous citizenship that underpins xenophobia.

Instead of treating countries as separate and divergent cases, socialization posits interrelated policy making processes in which the response of one country might impact the options available and views about those options elsewhere. 17 No 14 15 16 17 Audie Klotz, Norms in International Relations: The Struggle against Apartheid (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995); Margaret Keck and Kathryn Sikkink, Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998); Thomas Risse, Stephen Ropp, and Kathryn Sikkink, eds, The Power of Human Rights: International Norms and Domestic Change (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999); Daniel Thomas, The Helsinki Effect: International Norms, Human Rights, and the Demise of Communism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001); Beth Simmons, Frank Dobbin, and Geoffrey Garrett, “Introduction: International Diffusion of Liberalism,” International Organization 60 (4), Fall 2006, 788.

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