By René Reeves

Within the past due 1830s an rebellion of mestizos and Maya destroyed Guatemala's Liberal executive for enforcing reforms aimed toward increasing the nation, assimilating indigenous peoples, and inspiring advertisement agriculture. Liberal partisans have been not able to retake the country till 1871, yet when they did they effectively carried out their prior reform schedule. unlike the overdue 1830s, they met in basic terms sporadic resistance. Reeves confronts this paradox of Guatemala's 19th century by means of targeting the agricultural people of the western highlands. He hyperlinks the realm of research to the nationwide point in an explicitly comparative firm, in contrast to so much investigations of Mesoamerican groups. He reveals that alterations in land, hard work, and ethnic politics from the 1840s to the 1870s left renowned sectors unwilling or not able to mount a repeat of the sooner anti-Liberal mobilization. as a result of those adjustments, the Liberals of the 1870s and past consolidated their carry on energy extra effectively than their opposite numbers of the 1830s. eventually, Reeves exhibits that neighborhood politics and nearby ethnic tensions have been the crucible of countryside formation in nineteenth-century Guatemala.

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Extra resources for Ladinos with Ladinos, Indians with Indians: Land, Labor, and Regional Ethnic Conflict in the Making of Guatemala

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But “the Ach´ıes [K’iche’] of Utatl´an province, being ambitious and The Transformation of Mam Quezaltenango from Culah´a to Independence 19 inclined to action and warfare . . ” As luck would have it, however, “within a few years after we left—ten—God was served by the arrival of the Christians and the adelantado Don Pedro de Alvarado . . ” “We and our forbears,” continued Ostuncalco’s leaders, “welcomed them [the Spaniards] and served them without fail as was right, but also in order to seek [Alvarado’s] help .

91 All of these endeavors, as has already been discussed, are far less efficient than traditional milpa agriculture. Moreover, their products were sometimes destined for tribute payments rather than local consumption.

In the case of Totonicap´an, and Guatemala more generally, however, this was compounded by the fact that much of the livestock was not being raised for food at all, but rather for wool. Production of wool was encouraged by tribute demands for woolen thread and weavings, and by the seventeenth century it had begun to replace cotton as a source of clothing fabric in the highlands. Note that cotton, unlike sheep, does not compete with highland crops for land because it derives entirely from the coast.

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