By Mary Louise Nagata

In accordance with a set of labour contracts and different files, this ebook examines the felony, financial and social family members of labour as they built within the advertisement organisations of Tokugawa Japan. The city concentration is Kyoto, the cultural capital and smallest of the 3 nice towns of the Tokugawa interval, however the facts comes from a much wider area of industrial and chateau cities and rural villages in important Japan.

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Nevertheless, short contracts of six months also become more visible in the nineteenth century, as with the contracts from Matsuya. This trend is supported by research on the account books and diaries of wealthy peasants in suburban Edo, the traditional name for modern Tokyo and the political capital of the Tokugawa regime. In the mid-eighteenth century, servants had relatively longer contracts of three years or more. In the late eighteenth century, short-term agreements of one year or less began to appear.

The same is 42 Labor contracts and labor relations in early modern central Japan true for the Endô business, although they were less involved in textile manufacture and more involved in retail and tailoring. 1 shows the contract lengths for employees of the Endô and Kimura businesses by gender. Ninety-one of the ninety-seven contracts are from the Endô collection, but the six contracts from the Kimura collection follow the same pattern. The six women with one-year contracts were wet-nurses for the Endô family.

21 There are several examples of adopted heirs becoming head of a stem family or lineage business in the data set. 25 Women were also eligible for headship, although women were commonly the interim choice of last resort. 26 The two shops, Sasaya and Izutsuya were two branches of the Kimura lineage business. Of course, these women may have been wives or widows of different heads of the lineage business at different times. If so, the role of the wife of the head may have included interim headship responsibilities if the head died before a successor was ready to inherit.

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