By Daniel Branch

On December 12, 1963, humans throughout Kenya joyfully celebrated independence from British colonial rule, looking forward to a brilliant way forward for prosperity and social justice. because the state techniques the 50th anniversary of its independence, notwithstanding, the people's dream continues to be elusive. in the course of its first 5 many years Kenya has skilled assassinations, riots, coup makes an attempt, ethnic violence, and political corruption. The ranks of the disaffected, the unemployed, and the negative have increased. during this authoritative and insightful account of Kenya's historical past from 1963 to the current day, Daniel department sheds new gentle at the nation's struggles and the advanced reasons in the back of them.

Branch describes how Kenya developed itself as a kingdom and the way ethnicity has proved a robust strength in nationwide politics from the beginning, as have sickness and violence. He explores such divisive political matters because the wishes of the landless negative, diplomacy with Britain and with the chilly warfare superpowers, and the course of monetary improvement. Tracing an escalation of presidency corruption through the years, the writer brings his dialogue to the current, paying specific awareness to the rigged election of 2007, the following compromise executive, and Kenya's customers as a still-evolving self reliant kingdom.

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Additional resources for Kenya: Between Hope and Despair, 1963-2011

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With neither jobs nor access to land, the ever-growing number of jobless primary and secondary school graduates are reliant on their ingenuity and luck to make their way in the world. The informal sector of the economy offers many their only hope of subsistence. Their anger has been witnessed on a number of occasions since 1963, and has been channelled by political leaders seeking support for other objectives. However, the need on the part of elites to restrain protests by the dispossessed has fed into the increased importance attached to ethnicity within politics.

Coupled with an understandable reticence on the part of actors involved in some of the most controversial events described below, this absence of material in Nairobi means that the diplomatic records held in Washington and London are the closest thing to a post-colonial archive that exists. The second half of the book relies a great deal on material produced by non-governmental civil society organisations. Again, these sources should be treated with care. Civil society organisations, such as church groups and organisations of dissident exiles, were active researchers of abuses of political power in the 1980s and 1990s, but also advocates for change.

His Luo roots and ties through his parents to South Nyanza and the area centred on Rusinga Island meant that Mboya contested leadership of his ethnic community with Odinga. To both Odinga and Mboya, Kenyatta’s ideas for the future of independent Kenya were controversial. His prioritisation of ethnic over national unity, his determination to respect private land titles, and his desire to introduce a development policy based on individual initiative rather than on state assistance were all moot. qxp 7/29/11 9:36 AM Page 11 INTRODUCTION | 11 opment disputes indicate, his often dogmatic views provoked discontent within KANU.

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