By Howard Federspiel

The Persatuan Islam (Islamic-Union) used to be a small team of Indonesian Muslim activists in the course of the interval 1923-1957. Their efforts concerned them within the nice disputes of the time, particularly the form of the rising Indonesian nation because the quarter broke unfastened from colonial keep watch over, and the course of Islamic discourse in that new country. Deeply ideological, those activists referred to as themselves ''radical-revolutionaries''. Their outlook, beginning as a manifestation of Islamic Modernism, later grew to become a sort of Islamic Neo-Fundamentalism. The perspectives raised by means of the crowd weren't usually permitted, as elites with different outlooks won keep an eye on of the nationalist time table and the course of the Indonesian Muslim neighborhood. the tale of those activists, although, tells us a lot concerning the context of either Indonesian nationalism and Indonesian Islam as either built through the first 1/2 the twentieth century.

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Additional resources for Islam and Ideology in the Emerging Indonesian State: The Persatuan Islam (Persis), 1923 to 1957 (Social, Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia)

Sample text

The Persatuan Islam, as we shall discover in this first part of the study, was especially good at creating an Islamic ethos and at defining Islamic principles in clear terms. Other Muslim groups did this as well, usually in combination with other activities—usually educational,—it is only that the Persatuan Islam made this activity its raison d'etre. Most of the definition put forward by the Persatuan Islam was common coinage among Muslim activists in the preceding decade and the Persatuan Islam was hardly original about any of its major viewpoints on nationalism, Islamic modernism, its views on Christianity or its judgment of the Ahmadiyah movement; these views were already generally set before the Persatuan Islam came on the scene.

Pijper3 can serve as a micro-study for those dynamics and add to the particular way in which religion, especially Islam, made itself felt in the development of Indonesian nationalism. Writing in 1999 and looking backward, it is apparent that the nationalist ideology has long been subject to the difficulty of how Islam and national ideals were to interact. As several studies have shown, the interaction has shown great flux over the past three quarters of a century, but the dynamic continues even today, as the place of Muslim intellectual activity throughout that long period indicates.

C. Ricklefs, A History of Modern Indonesia (Bloomington, 1981), 149, 168. Karel A. Steenbrink, Pesantren, Madrasah, Sekolah (Meppel, 1974), 33. Yunus, Sejarah, 117-118, 137-139, 146-148, 204-207. 24 PART ONE a new system of education, although all the ingredients for the reformed system that did emerge in the following quarter of a century appeared during this period under discussion. Amidst the experimentation there were two efforts that moved toward establishing new systems, even though their impact was relatively limited at the time.

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