By Nicola Foote, Michael Goebel

“This groundbreaking examine examines the relationship among what are arguably the 2 such a lot distinguishing phenomena of the trendy international: the unheard of surges in worldwide mobility and within the construction of politically bounded areas and identities.”—Jose C. Moya, writer of Cousins and Strangers 
 
“An first-class choice of reports connecting transnational migration to the development of nationwide identities. hugely recommended.”—Luis Roniger, writer of Transnational Politics in vital America
 
“The significance of this assortment is going past the confines of 1 geographic area because it bargains new perception into the function of migration within the definition and redefinition of state states everywhere.”—Fraser Ottanelli, coeditor of Letters from theSpanish Civil War
 
“This quantity has set the normal for destiny paintings to follow.”—Daniel Masterson, writer of The historical past of Peru
 
among the mid-nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries, an inflow of Europeans, Asians, and Arabic audio system indelibly replaced the face of Latin the USA. whereas many reports of this era specialise in why the immigrants got here to the zone, this quantity addresses how the newbies helped build nationwide identities within the Caribbean, Mexico, Argentina, and Brazil.

In those essays, essentially the most revered students of migration historical past study the diversity of responses—some welcoming, a few xenophobic—to the novices. in addition they examine the lasting results that Jewish, German, chinese language, Italian, and Syrian immigrants had at the monetary, sociocultural, and political associations. those explorations of assimilation, race formation, and transnationalism enhance our knowing not just of migration to Latin the United States but in addition of the impression of immigration at the building of nationwide identification during the world. 

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32 With the imperial government’s acquiescence, this common international mechanism was used in its accustomed role, limiting Asian entry without mention of race or nationality. Native Claims in the Greater Caribbean, 1850s–1930s · 47 But what of the largest immigrant group from Asia to be found in the British Caribbean in these years—indeed, the largest immigrant group there, period: the East Indians whose arrival had been not merely countenanced but organized by the colonial government? ”33 However, within the British Caribbean in this era, East Indians were not lumped with “alien” Chinese or Syrians.

12. Brubaker, “Ethnicity, Race, and Nationalism,” 28–30. 13. ”; and Alba and Nee, Remaking the American Mainstream. 14. ” 15. ” 16. A good example is Moya, Cousins and Strangers. 17. For Spanish American history, see the discussion in Miller, In the Shadow, esp. 32–42. 18. Colom González, “La imaginación nacional”; and Miller, “Historiography of Nationalism,” esp. 203–7, both make this observation. 19. Míguez, “Introduction: Foreign Mass Migration,” xxii. The classic North American– South American comparison is between Italians in the United States and Argentina: Klein, “Integration of Italians”; and Baily, Immigrants.

The chapter is a useful reminder that community identity does not necessarily decline with the length of stay in the host country but can be powerfully reinforced due to external pressures. Kathy Lopez compares the history of Chinese immigrants in Cuba, Mexico, and Peru. While she stresses that they were subjected to discrimination in all three contexts, due to hemispherically circulating discourses about the “yellow peril,” there were also significant differences. Her chapter is thus a showcase of how the attribution of certain characteristics to a particular group interacts with the political embedding in different settings.

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