By Gerard A. Kerkhof and Hans P.A. van Dongen (Eds.)
This quantity makes a speciality of the interaction of brain and movement - the bidirectional hyperlink among proposal and motion. specifically, it investigates the results that this coupling has for determination making. How will we expect the implications of decisions and the way is the mind capable of signify those selection suggestions and their power results? How are diversified suggestions evaluated and the way is a well-liked choice chosen and carried out? This quantity addresses those questions not just via an intensive physique of data including person chapters through overseas specialists, but additionally via integrative team stories that pave a runway into the longer term. the knowledge of the way humans make judgements is of universal curiosity to specialists operating in fields akin to psychology, economics, move technological know-how, cognitive neuroscience, neuroinformatics, robotics, and recreation technological know-how. up to now, besides the fact that, it has more often than not been complex in isolation inside of certain examine disciplines; against this, this booklet effects from a planned meeting of multidisciplinary groups. It bargains extreme, concentrated, and actual interdisciplinary viewpoint. It conveys cutting-edge and descriptions destiny study instructions at the scorching subject of brain and movement (or embodied cognition). It comprises contributions from psychologists, neuroscientists, move scientists, economists, and others.
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Additional resources for Human Sleep and Cognition, Part 1: Basic Research
Mean RTs of SD subjects were much longer than baseline, and since the Sternberg task is considered a classic WM task, it would be tempting to conclude that WM is substantially impaired by SD. However, Tucker et al. decomposed the function relating RT to set size into memory scanning (slope) and non-WM (intercept) components. The results were striking. There was no effect of SD on the memory-scanning rate. The effect on mean RT in the Sternberg task was entirely in the non-WM aspects of the task (see Fig.
In commenting on the ubiquity of evidence for cognitive slowing, Posner and Rueda (2002) noted: ‘There is probably no single reason why generalized slowing is found in so many disorders. Studies of neuroimaging have shown us that most chronometric tasks, even quite simple ones, involve activation of a number of separate neural generators’ (p. 970). Recent evidence on the sources of performance in choice RT tasks only serves to reinforce Posner 40 and Rueda’s conclusions. g. , 2009). , 2010). The implications of these findings for sleep researchers are that declines in performance on choice RT can sometimes be masked by effective use of attentional allocation strategies, and declines may be obtained with some stimuli and not others.
CHAPTER 3 Measurement of cognition in studies of sleep deprivation Paul Whitneyy,* and John M. Hinsony,1 y Department of Psychology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA Abstract: Controlled laboratory studies of the effects of sleep deprivation on cognition have the potential to further our understanding of why some complex tasks are more affected by lack of sleep than other tasks. However, apparently simple cognitive tasks reflect multiple cognitive processes at once. Some of the component processes involved in a task may be more affected by sleep deprivation than others.