By Thomas J. Misa (auth.), John Impagliazzo, Timo Järvi, Petri Paju (eds.)

This publication constitutes the refereed put up convention complaints of the second one IFIP WG 9.7 convention at the heritage of Nordic Computing, HiNC 2, held in Turku, Finland, in August 2007.

The 27 revised complete papers provided including 3 keynote addresses and panel discussions have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from quite a few submissions. The papers are prepared in topical sections on operating with heritage and its usability; machine approach views; collage computing; collage schooling; pcs, rules, and politics; views on computing device functions; publishing and verbal exchange purposes; software program histories; and background of computing device playing.

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Extra info for History of Nordic Computing 2: Second IFIP WG 9.7 Conference, HiNC2, Turku, Finland, August 21-23, 2007, Revised Selected Papers

Sample text

One must take a holistic systems engineering perspective to achieve the safety function to be provided in Automatic Train Control. These non-technical factors become evident by examining the following two accidents. 1 Borlänge, Sweden Accident On 9 April 2000, six freight cars filled with Liquefied Petroleum Gas derailed and tipped over at 70 km/h in the Borlänge station. The speed limit in the area was 40 km/h. The authorities declared the station and central Borlänge off-limits to the public.

Unfortunately, the ATC infrastructure with balises does not cover the Borlänge station itself. They believe the driver had passed a restrictive optical signal just ahead of the turnout at which the train derailed. 0 per mille of alcohol in his blood. Thus, ATC functioned exactly as it was programmed to behave. However, two non-technical factors were at work. Firstly, the earlier decision not to invest in placing ATC balises in the Borlänge station area. Secondly, the human factors aspect of a drunken train driver.

In the following, I present and discuss the three most noteworthy trends. The numbers are absolute because of the almost equal number of responses in the four groups. Note that I scored the two last rows independently of the rows above. H. Jørgensen Table 1. 8%), as seen in the second-to-last row. com These examples do not lend support to a strong Nordic anchoring as the Computer Fair was probably much like computer fairs in other countries and Jakob Nielsen is indeed Danish but has been living in the United States for several decades1.

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