By Al Oswald, Stewart Ainsworth, Trevor Pearson, Paul Frodsham

Iron Age hillforts in Northumberland nationwide Park are terribly good preserved, rivalling whatever to be discovered somewhere else in Europe. whereas the interiors of such a lot hillforts in southern England were hidden or disfigured via later land use, such a lot of these in Northumberland nationwide park were left quite untouched in due to the fact that they have been final occupied, within the Roman Iron Age, round 1,500 years in the past. in lots of situations, even the principles of timber-built roundhouses over 2,000 years previous can nonetheless be noticeable as shallow trenches within the turf. What did hillforts appear like once they have been first equipped? Why have been they outfitted? What used to be reasonable for his or her population? This e-book - aimed essentially at walkers and different viewers to the nationwide Park - offers the result of a key section of Northumberland nationwide Park Authority's researching our Hillfort historical past venture; certain and wide archaeological panorama surveys performed by means of English historical past. just like the most sensible detective paintings, those investigations have mixed the precision of the microscope with and appreciation of the massive photograph. The authors - all Archaeological Investigators with English background - have, jointly, spent approximately a century exploring England's old websites taking walks.

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Extra info for Hillforts: Prehistoric Strongholds of Northumberland National Park

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4km away, may have marked the limit of the territory of the community who built the ceremonial monument, or perhaps acted as signposts to mark the approach. 4 (above) The stone circle at Threestoneburn was built at the end of the Neolithic, around 2500 BC, and continued in use into the Bronze Age. 5 (left) An unusual panel of late Neolithic or early Bronze Age rock art within the Iron Age hillfort on Chatton Park Hill. In the foreground is an exceptionally deeply incised cup-and-ring mark, which regularly fills with rainwater, perhaps as intended by the person who created the markings.

Therefore it would have offered no opportunity for those on the inside to engage attackers without emerging from the security of the circuit: in other words, very little advantage at all. Gateways and doorways – the crossing points between one world and another – were particularly important in Iron Age Britain. 15). It is usually more difficult to identify breaks in palisades, which are harder to trace in the first place. In exceptional cases, for example at Wether Hill, the pits that once held the large gateposts can be seen.

11). 32 The hillfort on Wether Hill, and archaeological remains in the surrounding landscape. 33 Geophysical survey often supplements examination of surface traces, by ‘seeing’ remains hidden beneath the surface. Unfortunately, geological conditions in the Cheviots limit the effectiveness of all geophysical techniques. While the search for the building proved fruitless, the trench exposed the stone footings of an Iron Age timber palisade dating to around 350 BC, which seems to have enclosed a previously unsuspected settlement 32 outside the hillfort.

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