By Laura J. Enríquez
One of many crucial goals of the Sandinista executive in Nicaragua used to be to finish the exploitation of the agricultural negative. yet its makes an attempt to advertise balanced monetary improvement and redistribute agricultural assets created hard work shortages that threatened the country's fiscal lifeline. New employment possibilities created via agrarian reform dissatisfied the fragile stability constructed in pre-revolution years to fulfill the exertions requisites of Nicaragua's key vegetation, cotton and low. Laura Enr?quez studied this challenge largely whereas operating in Nicaragua among 1982 and 1989, and in Harvesting switch she presents a special research of the dilemmas of reform in an agrarian society.Enr?quez describes the conventional hard work family members of Nicaragua's agroexport construction and descriptions their breakdown as agrarian reform complicated. She additionally assesses the choices followed through the Sandinista executive because it tried to deal with the hindrance. Her booklet relies on player statement and on formal and casual interviews with a vast move element of humans thinking about agricultural construction, together with officers fascinated about agrarian reform, making plans, and exertions; manufacturers; staff; and representatives from institutions of growers, employees, and peasants.By proposing agrarian reform in its extensive social context, Enr?quez makes and demanding contribution to our knowing of the issues linked to the transition to socialism within the 3rd international.
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Extra info for Harvesting change: labor and agrarian reform in Nicaragua, 1979-1990
Macroregions of Nicaragua 27 Page xiii Preface When I arrived in Nicaragua in 1982 to begin the fieldwork for what was later to become this book, the major question guiding my research was the role played by internal structural obstacles, inherited from the past, in conditioning the options open to Nicaragua's new policy makers. Nicaragua's heritage of dependent development, such as the incomplete nature of its economy and its consequent trade dependence, would certainly affect efforts to transform it.
It specialized in high-technology rice and industrial sorghum operations, leaving corn and bean production to the peasant sector. As commercial agriculture expanded, it came into direct competition with peasant/food crop production for land and labor. The capitalist growers were able to push thousands of peasant farmers off the most fertile land and onto very small, marginal plots elsewhere. The first wave of dispossessions brought about by the expansion of capitalism occurred during the coffee boom of the nineteenth century.
Page 1 1 The Problem of Breaking Out of Dependent Capitalist Development The overthrow of Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle on July 19, 1979, marked a turning point for all of Latin America. Not since the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista in Cuba in January 1959 and the ill-fated Chilean experiment in the early 1970s had any country in the hemisphere experienced such a fundamental break with its heritage of extreme underdevelopment, inequality, and dependence on its northern neighbor, the United States.