By Peter Gatrell
This publication examines the power of the tsarist executive and Russian industrialists to reply to the a number of demanding situations of battle, revolution, political reform, overseas international relations and rearmament within the early 20th century. utilizing Russian archive fabrics, Peter Gatrell analyzes the method and consequence of decision-making through govt and company within the key sphere of security, and makes a major contribution to the literature at the means of the outdated regime to fend off demanding situations to its authority at domestic and its status in another country.
Read or Download Government, Industry and Rearmament in Russia, 1900-1914: The Last Argument of Tsarism PDF
Similar russian & former soviet union books
Within the early Nineteen Nineties, aggressive elections within the Russian Federation signaled the top to the authoritarian political procedure ruled via a unmarried political get together. greater than ten years and plenty of elections later, a unmarried occasion led via Russian President Vladimir Putin threatens to finish Russia's democratic test.
This expert's view into the strategic instructions, strategies, leaders, and critical assaults hooked up to Chechen and North Caucasus terrorists examines the network's operations in addition to the good fortune of Russia's counterterrorist responses.
This authoritative account strains the emergence of terrorism within the risky zone of the North Caucasus from its origins within the early Nineteen Nineties throughout the today's. It provides an in depth exam of neighborhood and worldwide counterterrorism strategies—everything from army strength, to international relations, to politicization—providing worthwhile perception into potent equipment for struggling with terrorism right here and world wide.
This candid paintings uncovers the roots of Russian terrorism and offers a historic assessment of the stipulations that complex terrorism and its extraordinary struggle practices, together with radioactive assaults and suicide assaults by way of girls. writer and local Russian speaker, Elena Pokalova, analyzes in demand terrorist teams reminiscent of Islamic overseas Peacekeeping Brigade, Riyad us-Saliheyn Martyrs' Brigade, and exact function Islamic Regiment, and divulges the local and international impression of the Caucasus Emirate at the circulate.
- The Lost Opportunity: Attempts at Unification of the Anti-Bolsheviks:1917-1919
- Intelligentsia and Revolution: Russian Views of Bolshevism, 1917-1922
- The Petrograd Workers and the Fall of the Old Regime: From the February Revolution to the July Days, 1917
- Who's Who in Russia since 1900 (Routledge Who's Who S)
Extra resources for Government, Industry and Rearmament in Russia, 1900-1914: The Last Argument of Tsarism
This initiative reduced production costs by 10 per cent and cut the time taken to complete contracts by an even greater margin. Here, surely, was a model for the defence industry as a whole. But the need to find jobs for retired army officers as managers, and the bureaucratic fondness of regulation, were powerful inducements to maintain the status quo. 43 The acquisition of private yards during the 1890s posed problems for the imperial government. Would they be incorporated into the existing regulations for state enterprise, or would they retain elements of The eve of the Russo-Japanese War 37 commercial management?
17 The War Ministry incurred a significant cost in maintaining an army of this size. The military budget was severely stretched. Financial constraints meant that a far smaller proportion of Russian manpower received military training than elsewhere. Those men who were conscripted received a relatively meagre allowance. In an attempt to inflict on soldiers the burden of feeding and clothing themselves, the ministry supplied raw materials to the troops and obliged them to prepare food and manufacture boots and uniforms.
An unscrupulous supplier did not find it difficult to bribe ill-paid officials. 19 The Russian army faced difficult choices when it came to defining spending priorities. In 1891, the War Ministry received funds to acquire the new Mosin rifle; appropriations were subsequently approved to strengthen the fortresses on the western frontier. The army also obtained extra funds - notwithstanding the financial straitjacket imposed in 1899 - for artillery and barrack construction. However, the 24 Defence imperatives and Russian industry, 1900-1907 army suffered in other respects, notably in the supply of heavy field artillery and fortress artillery, in which there was a shortfall by 1900 of more than 1,000 guns, or 15 per cent of the required norm.