By Laverle Bennette Berry, Library of Congress Federal Research Division

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Post yr notice: initially released February fifth 2007

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Extra info for Ghana: a country study

Sample text

The annexation was made with misgivings and recriminations on both sides. With Asante subdued and annexed, British colonization of the region became a reality. The Colonial Era: British Rule of the Gold Coast Military confrontations between Asante and the Fante contributed to the growth of British influence on the Gold Coast. It was concern about Asante activities on the coast that had compelled the Fante states to sign the Bond of 1844. In theory, the bond allowed the British quite limited judicial powers-the trying of murder and robbery cases only.

Thereafter, the British extended their control inland via treaties and warfare until by 1902 much of present-day Ghana was a British crown colony. Ghana's current borders were realized in 1956 when the Volta region voted to join Ghana. British colonial government, while authoritarian and centralized, nonetheless permitted Ghanaians a role in governing the colony. This was true not only of central governing bodies such as the Legislative Council and later the Executive Council, but of local and regional administration as well.

As a result, the first two years of the Fourth Republic were marked by a series of skirmishes and quarrels between the government and the opposition. In its campaign against the NDC government, the opposition, resorting to the courts, won several cases against the government in 1993 and early 1994. Since 1993 a small but vigorous independent press has developed, which the opposition has used to publicize its views. Despite publication of what at times have been sensational or even libelous charges against members of the NDC, including Rawlings, the government has made no move to censor or suppress independent newspapers and magazines.

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