By Robert Harms

During this publication, Robert Harms makes an enormous enhance towards improving the background of the folk of the rain wooded area by means of telling the tale of the Nunu, who reside in and round swampy floodplains of the center Zaire River. utilizing techniques drawn from video game conception, Professor Harms explores the altering courting among nature and tradition one of the Nunu. Picturing Nunu society as lively through a endless pageant between lineages and families, he lines how the contest driven humans into new environments, and the way adaption to the hot atmosphere, in flip, ended in new different types of pageant.

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Monès, 1962, Vol. 1, pp. 197-220. 8. O n Mälikism in Andalusia, see I. Goldziher, 1903. 9. O n this Cordovan apologist, see Encyclopaedia of Islam, new edn, Vol. 1, pp. 956-7. 10. Fakih (pi. fukahâ') originally denoted a learned m a n , but it became a technical term for a specialist in the science of religious law (Encyclopaedia of Islam, new edn. Vol. 2, P- 7S6). 11. , Vol. 3, pp. 868-72, under Ibn Masarra. 18 The unification of the Maghrib under the Almohads this parallelism in the Muslim West, because they declared that the mass of believers were impervious to speculative thought and accused the Ash'arites of upsetting the beliefs of simple people.

1936, p. 88; Lévi-Provençal, 1928a, pp. 75 and 33; Ibn 'Idhârî al-MarrâkushJ, loc. , P- 338. 43. Ibn al-Kattän, op. , pp. 28-32. 44. In A H 524/ + 1130, more than ten people were added to the council offifty,after the purge; Lévi-Provençal, 1928b, p. 35. 45. It was either thefiftyplus the Ahl al-Djamâ'a, or thefiftyplus the Ahl al-Dar; see J. F. P. Hopkins, 1958, p. 90. 46. Müsä, op. , Vol. 23, p. 63. 47. Ibn al-Kattän, op. , pp. 75 and 81; Ibn Abï Zar', loc. , p. 114. 48. Ibn 'Idhârî al-Marrâkushï, in Huici Miranda, 1965, Vol.

Scientific archaeology finds expression w h e n he writes: There is no trace of any oriental or European style of any period whatever . . the character of the dwellings enclosed in the stone ruins and forming an integral part of them is unmistakably African . . T h e arts and techniques exemplified in the objects found in the houses are typically African, except w h e n they are clearly medieval or postmedieval imports. These words were written in 1905 but the archaeological evidence failed to discourage the advocates of the 'Ophir' theory.

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