By James Robert Tanis

The be aware "pietism" frequently evokes a number of ambivalent im­ pressions. It has appeared to me more and more transparent that the various strengths of pietism were swept apart by means of reactions opposed to the excesses of the circulation. to correctly examine the buildings of pietism, it is very important understand its matrix and to appreciate its ex­ ponents. In getting ready this learn, hence, i've got sought to recapture whatever of the individual of Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen in addition to the gist of his proposal; anything of his setting in addition to the associations of his day. to accomplish this i've got traveled many by-paths and knocked on many doorways. however the prior has now not continually yielded its secrets and techniques; a lot is misplaced perpetually. Hagen in Westphalia, Frelinghuysen's birthplace, is now a latest urban and merely in a couple of remoted details is it resembling Hagen in 1693. within the close by village of Schwerte, notwithstanding, the ancestral church of his forebears continues to be because it was once approximately 300 years in the past. The gym he attended in Hamm used to be destroyed within the bombings ofW orld battle II, although the library he used in the course of his learn at Lingen remains to be principally intact. within the tiny East-Frisian village of Loegumer Voorwerk, Frelinghuysen's first parish, you will nonetheless stand within the pulpit the place he first preached his awakening gospel. but oddly sufficient, in the US, the place his identify is such a lot remembered, so much actual lines of his lifestyles have disappeared.

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Additional info for Dutch Calvinistic Pietism in the Middle Colonies: A Study in the Life and Theology of Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen

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4 Siegmund, "Die Geschichte des Gymnasium Hammonense", p. 68, note 218. , Geschichte des Akademischen Gymnasiums in Lingen, r697-r8ao, Lingen, 1914, p. 81. Ens (1682-1732), a pioneer in the study of New Testament canon, was a graduate of Leiden and Lingen's first outspoken Cocceian. , p. 18. , p. 24. , Dank-predikatie over de vyftigiaarige predikdienst, Rotterdam, 1744, p. 35. For the development of this point, see also Ludwig Schriever's Geschichte des Kreises Lingen, Lingen, 1905-1910, v. I, p.

138 I C4(2). Waalzedel. , Rep. 138 I C4(1). Letter conveying Waalzedel etc. to the Elector. , "Mitteilungen zur Geschichte des Pietismus in Ostfriesland und den benachbarten Landschaften" in Zeitschrift fur Kirchengeschichte, v. 5 (1882), pt. I (pp. [25rJ-291) and pt. II (pp. [387J-440) . For this study, part I, which deals with the Reformed Church, was the more important; part II covers the movement in the Lutheran Church. , p. 256. ROOTS IN EUROPE 33 the Reformed and, particularly, through the ministries of Johannes Alardin 1 and Ernst Wilhelm Buchfelder.

5 Burkardt, Der aitre/ormierte Kirchengesang, p. [4]. 6 Goebel, Geschichte des christlichen Lebens, v. 2, pp. 370-37I. ROOTS IN EUROPE 21 Labadie - who by this time had established his separatist congregation in Amsterdam. 1 Hence the strongest voices of Dutch pietism in Westphalia were clearly tinted with Labadistic separatism. The councils of the church continued to condemn the separatistic tendencies inherent in the new teachings, but these were long to plague the Reformed Church. At the same time, the tenor of pietism became increasingly more a part of the life of the church.

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