By Michael Hughes
This evaluate of the transformation of eu international relations which came about first and foremost of the twentieth century specializes in the British and Russian diplomatic institutions through the years 1894 - 1917 in an effort to illustrate either the heterogeneity and complicated nature of the outdated international relations. a chain of case reviews is incorporated to demonstrate either the advantages and the pitfalls of generalizing a couple of complex technique of transformation that had a number of social, political, administrative and mental dimensions.
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Additional info for Diplomacy before the Russian Revolution: Britain, Russia and the Old Diplomacy, 1894–1917
At the same time, however, their primacy was never complete or unchallenged. The pattern of British foreign policy making toward Russia was of course too complex to be analysed simply in terms of a shift of power and influence within the core executive. Changes in the international environment, most notably the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5, altered the balance of power between the two countries, making an accommodation with London seem a sensible policy to a growing section of the political elite in St Petersburg.
79-117. H. Bolsover, Tzvolsky and Reform of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs', Slavonic and East European Review, 63,1 (1985), pp. 21-40. For details of Lloyd George's views about the failings of the old diplomacy, see his War Memoirs, Vol. 1, p. 46ff. Lloyd George's contempt for professional diplomats was heartily reciprocated; see Hardinge of Penshurst, Old Diplomacy, p. 205. On Wilson's approach to foreign affairs, see Lloyd C. Ambrosius, Woodrow Wilson and the American Diplomatic Tradition', Arthur S.
Link, Wilson the Diplomatist; Thomas J. Knock, To End All Wars: Woodrow Wilson and the Quest for a New World Order. Sidney Low, 'The Foreign Office Autocracy', Fortnightly Review, January 1912, p. 1. D. Morel, Truth and the War, p. 107. D. Morel, Morocco in Diplomacy, p. 72. On the peace movement in Germany, see Roger Chickering, Imperial Germany and a World Without War. The Peace Movement and German Society 1892-1914; on the organisation and operation of the German Diplomatic Service in this period, see Lamar Cecil, The German Diplomatic Seiyice, 1871-1914.