By Chang-Won Park
Cultural mixing in Korean dying Rites examines the cultural stumble upon of Confucianism and Christianity with specific connection with demise rites in Korea. As its overarching interpretive framework, this e-book employs the assumption of the ‘total social phenomenon', an idea first brought via the French anthropologist Marcel Mauss (1872-1950).
From the viewpoint of the full social phenomenon, this ebook makes use of a mixture of theological, ancient, sociological and anthropological ways, and explores Korean demise rites by means of classifying them into 3 different types: ritual before dying (Bible copying), ritual at demise (funerary rites),and ritual after loss of life (ancestral ritual). It makes a speciality of Christian practices as they epitomize the complicated interaction of Confucianism and Christianity. by means of drawing on a complete social phenomenon method of the empirical case of Korean dying rites, Chang-Won Park contributes to the development of thought and strategy in non secular studies.
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Extra resources for Cultural Blending in Korean Death Rites: New Interpretive Approaches
In this regard, modern Korea can still be called a Confucian nation (Koh, 1996; Yao, 2001; Grayson, 2002: 178–81). Many Western anthropologists of the late twentieth century have observed that ‘Koreans out-Chinese the Chinese in their devotion to Confucianism’ (Osgood, 1951: 332; Peterson,1974: 28; Janelli and Janelli, 1982: 177). The followings are examples of the Confucian-influenced aspects of life in contemporary Korea. First of all, the Korean language has a very sophisticated system of honorific expressions that reveals the strong influence of Confucian values.
Filial duty’ (hyo) is a core Confucian virtue which denotes the respect and obedience that children should show to their parents. It demands not only that one serve the parents while they are alive, but also that one pay respect to them after they have died. In this regard, ancestral ritual becomes an essential part of Confucian life and is still widely practiced in modern Korea. The basic spirit of filial duty, however, is not unconditional with blind submission to parental authority, but involves a recognition of, and reverence for, the source of life.
Natural resources, however, are not abundant; hence the development of human resources is something high on the national agenda in modern times. In fact, South Koreans are highly educated, with some 34 per cent of the total population being first or higher degree holders (National Statistics Office, 2006c). The peninsula was a united nation for more than ten centuries until it was divided into Communist North Korea and Democratic South Korea in 1945. North Korea (120,538 km2) is slightly bigger in territory than South Korea (99,274 km2) but is even more mountainous.