By Michael O'Hanlon, Mike M. Mochizuki

"In describing their entire notion for negotiations with North Korea, O'Hanlon and Mochizuki express the strategic creativity and analytical intensity badly wanted through usa coverage makers facing this unusual, harmful place." --Ash Carter, former Assistant Secretary of security and Ford starting place Professor of technological know-how and foreign Affairs, John F. Kennedy college of presidency, Harvard collage IN EARLY 2002, in his fateful country of the union deal with, President Bush defined North Korea as being a member of the "Axis of Evil." on account that then, the U.S. has long gone to warfare with Iraq, and the realm now wonders what the way forward for Bush's preemption coverage will convey. a few of the nation's best specialists believe that North Korea is a extra impending risk than Saddam's Iraq used to be. they've got a nuclear application, a million-man military, and missiles to set up and export. In obstacle at the Korean Peninsula, Michael O'Hanlon, a Senior Fellow at Brooking and vacationing lecturer at Princeton, and Mike Mochizuki, endowed chair in Japan-US kin at G.W. collage, not just learn this factor intimately but additionally supply a entire blueprint for diffusing the main issue with North Korea. Their resolution is available in the shape of a "grand discount" with North Korea. Accords may be negotiated step by step, notwithstanding they should be guided by means of a huge and impressive imaginative and prescient that addresses not just the nuclear factor but additionally the traditional forces at the hyper-militarized peninsula and the continuing decline of the North Korean economic climate.

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23 Copyright 2003 by The Brookings Institute. Click Here for Terms of Use. CRISIS ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA Internally, North Korea is very poor and very repressive. In some ways, it resembles Stalin’s Soviet Union, with its widespread human rights abuses and gulag system. This is not just the view of the United States; in April of 2003, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights overwhelmingly passed a resolution criticizing North Korea for “all-pervasive and severe restrictions on the freedoms of thought, religion, opinion, expression, assembly and association .

CRISIS ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA tional forces funded requires approximately 20 to 25 percent of the country’s feeble gross domestic product, any policy leaving them intact will preclude hope for gradual economic reform in the North. Seoul, Tokyo, and Washington should propose a grand diplomatic bargain—or at least a broad, long-term road map for future relations—to Pyongyang. It would make a number of demands on North Korea: • Verifiably end all of its nuclear programs. This would require on-site inspections anywhere, and with little notice, of North Korea’s plutonium and uranium enrichment facilities, as well as any suspicious sites.

Even if the nuclear crisis cools temporarily, it could easily worsen again, as it has before. North Korea could even test a nuclear device or, worse yet, export nuclear materials abroad, perhaps even to a terrorist organization like al Qaeda. These facts mean that the grand bargain laid out in this book will be relevant regardless of the precise state of North Korea’s nuclear programs in the coming months. Only a truly extreme development such as all-out war on the peninsula could change the situation so drastically as to make a major new diplomatic strategy unnecessary.

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