By Lee Dian Rainey

This complete creation explores the lifestyles and teachings of Confucius, and improvement of Confucian concept, from precedent days to the current at the present time. Demonstrates the knowledge and enduring relevance of Confucius’s teachings – drawing parallels among our twenty first century society and that of China 2,500 years in the past, where government corruption, in addition to social, financial, and technical adjustments, led thinkers to envision human nature and society attracts at the newest study and contains interpretations of Confucius and his works by means of chinese language and Western students in the course of the centuries Explores how Confucius's fans accelerated and reinterpreted his principles after his loss of life, and the way this strategy has endured all through chinese language heritage Seamlessly hyperlinks Confucius with our sleek age, revealing how his teachings have  turn into the root of East Asian tradition and motivated the West

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The texts describe the laying out of grain and wine, the invitations to the ancestors, and the impersonator of the dead. The impersonator of the dead, a descendent of the ancestor, took the place of the deceased and was thought to be possessed by the ancestor’s spirit. The impersonator announced when the spirits had drunk their fill and when the spirits returned to their place. Ritual specialists would need to know the proper utensils, their placement, the times to make offerings, when to bow, and who stood where.

Sympathy is often the catalyst that brings out the other moral virtues. There can be too much of a good thing. Any virtue, taken to an extreme, can be dangerous. Courage can be excessive and, when it is, become recklessness. When someone asks how you like their new Hummer and you respond that it is an ugly gas-guzzling vehicle displaying the owner’s self-indulgence, this may be honest, but certainly not polite. Too much honesty, without regard to the situation, can work against moral behavior. Too much loyalty, to the point where it is blind loyalty – my country, right or wrong – may well mean that one is ignoring other responsibilities like wisdom and moral courage.

In many cases, a monetary relationship had replaced duty. Dutifulness, like filial piety, was meant to teach people to put the interests of their superior, whether father or ruler, before their own. Private ambitions must be subordinated to the loyalty one feels. Like filial piety, loyalty could include criticism. Confucius argued that it is one’s duty to object if a ruler is wrong. ”23 As we have seen with filial piety above, criticism is permitted, if done reverently, though the results may be hard on the son or government minister.

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