By Martin C. Libicki

Throughout a large choice of endeavors, failure to count on catastrophe has been ascribed to the shortcoming to "connect the dots." yet to "connect the dots," one needs to first "collect the dots." The authors examine the boundaries to circulating vital info and describes techniques for bringing details jointly in a significant approach and describe a proper procedure for amassing the dots.

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Collecting the Dots: Problem Formulation and Solution Elements

Throughout a large choice of endeavors, failure to count on catastrophe has been ascribed to the lack to "connect the dots. " yet to "connect the dots," one needs to first "collect the dots. " The authors examine the limitations to circulating very important details and describes ways for bringing info jointly in a significant method and describe a proper procedure for gathering the dots.

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This communication can take at least two forms. One is the communication among the participant types. We can ask how perceivers communicate among themselves, how connectors communicate among themselves, and so on. The second is communication across participant types. How do connectors communicate their findings to relevant parties? What is the role of synchronous versus asynchronous communication? We may be able to express the communications among roles in different ways. Participant A may communicate regularly with participant B to exchange one category of information (such as workrelated information) but only sporadically with participant B in another category (such as personal information).

These issues can be understood by investigating the roles and responsibilities of the members of a network or set of networks. Roles and Responsibilities Networking is a social phenomenon that typically extends beyond organizations. But within a given organization, each constituent person or group can be identified by roles and responsibilities. There are at least three types of roles in any process that addresses our problem: decisionmakers, perceivers, and connectors (where any given person may play more than one role).

One is to recognize that an unusual event is not just the result of chance. Another is to narrow down an item or occurrence to a particular locale. For example, something may be hidden in one out of n haystacks of size m. To compare every pair of points to see whether they are meaningful together requires making (n·m)2/2 matches. If one arranges the haystacks so that two relevant points are likely to be in the same haystack, one need make only n·m2/2 matches—considerably fewer. At the same time that we find something notable, we may also need to distinguish frequency-related notability from identity-related notability.

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