By Jeffrey Quilter

Writing within the first individual with a stability among casual language and educational concept, Quilter concludes that Rivas used to be a ceremonial heart for mortuary rituals to bury mainly elite at the Panteón. by using his narrative strategy, he offers the reader with bills of discoveries as they happened in fieldwork and the improvement of interpretations to give an explanation for the traditional refuse and cobble structure his group exposed. As his tale progresses amid the attraction of the Costa Rican panorama, study plans are adjusted and infrequently thoroughly overturned as new discoveries, usually serendipitous ones, are made. Such altering situations bring about new insights into the increase and fall of the folks who outfitted the cobble circles and raised the status stones at Rivas one thousand years in the past.

during this energetic story of archaeological event within the tropical wooded area, Jeffrey Quilter tells the tale of his excavation of Rivas, an excellent ceremonial middle on the foot of the Talamanca Mountain diversity, which flourished among a.d. 900 and 1300, and its fabled gold-filled cemetery, the Panteón de los angeles Reina. starting with the 1992 box season and finishing with the final excavations in 1998, Quilter discusses Rivas’s developers and clients, theories on chiefdom societies, and the day-by-day interactions and surprises of recent archaeological fieldwork.

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Additional resources for Cobble Circles and Standing Stones: Archaeology at the Rivas Site, Costa Rica

Sample text

The Piedras SE feature was close to the edge of the terrace. To the north, there were two concentrations of cobbles resembling irregularly formed pavements, running north-south (fig. 1). One line ran close to the north-south 30-meter line of our coordinates and was higher in elevation than the second concentration. The second concentration was less linear and more spread out than the upper one. A few small excavation units in these cobble concentrations yielded dense quantities of sherds. We decided to place a very large set of 3 x 3 meter excavation units running like a trench along the upper concentration and to continue them through the southeastern section of Structure 2.

Excavations in this area revealed that the cobbles formed the outer edges of a quadrangle that may have served as a patio and perhaps also was the entry area. Since the ring of stones was unbroken, there was no clear indication of an entryway free of stones, however. Our work in the quadrangular patio area was conducted mostly using 1 x 1 meter excavation units. It became extremely difficult to work in this manner, however, because each unit required a separate designation in notes and on artifact bags.

The lack of refuse in the interiors suggests that these structures were kept clean and perhaps used mostly for sleeping or residence on the rainiest of days. The great amounts of sherds and other refuse found outside structures might be explained by cleaning activities in which residue was deposited outside the dwelling, but this does not fully explain the absence of floors inside the structures. In many societies in which houses have earthen floors, there is an accretion of floor layers throughout time.

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