By Neil Leary, Cecilia Conde, Jyoti Kulkarni, Anthony Nyong, Juan Pulhin

?Sound and good case reports on vulnerability and model were woefully missing within the foreign discourse on weather switch. This set of books starts to bridge the gap.? Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary basic and govt Director of United countries atmosphere Programme ?Important interpreting for college kids and practitioners alike.? Martin Parry, Co-Chair, operating crew II (Impacts, variation and Vulnerability), Intergovernmental Panel on weather swap (IPCC) ?This publication fills a big hole in our figuring out ... it truly is policy-relevant and merits to be commonly read.? Richard Klein, Senior learn Fellow, Stockholm atmosphere Institute (SEI), Sweden The award of the Nobel Peace Prize for 2007 to the IPCC brings wanted recognition to the threats from weather swap for hugely weak areas of the constructing international. This authoritative quantity (along with its better half protecting edition) as a result of the paintings of the exams of affects and variations to weather switch (AIACC) venture introduced with the IPCC in 2002, is the 1st to supply an in-depth research of the stakes in constructing international locations. It discusses who's weak and the character and explanations in their vulnerability for elements of the area which have been poorly researched until now. It additionally offers researchers with new examples of functions of vulnerability evaluation equipment, an strategy that's of growing to be curiosity within the weather switch region yet for which there are quite few purposes within the literature. released with TWAS and begin

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Barros et al (Chapter 6) investigate flood risks from storm surges along the Argentine coast of the Río de la Plata. Nagy et al (Chapter 7), also working in the Río de la Plata basin, examine changing dynamics of the estuarine ecosystem and their implications for fisheries on the Uruguayan side. Payet (Chapter 8) explores problems of coastal erosion and also risks to tourism in the Seychelles, while Mataki et al (2005 and 2006) assess the vulnerability of coastal towns of Fiji to flooding. 4. 4 (continued) • Argentina (Barros et al, Chapter 6) • Fiji (Mataki et al, 2005 and 2006) AIACC Studies 3243 J&J Vulnerability 1/11/07 10:22 am Page 15 For Whom the Bell Tolls 15 3243 J&J Vulnerability 1/11/07 10:22 am Page 16 16 Climate Change and Vulnerability Barros and colleagues find that sea level rise would permanently inundate only small and relatively unimportant areas along the southern coast of the Río de la Plata during this century.

These resource conflicts are an important factor behind the widespread violence that has taken tens of thousands of lives in Darfur and forced many more to flee their homes. The lack of physical security and access to resources have devastated livelihoods, eroded capacities to cope with climate and other stresses, and threaten people of the region with famine. Farmers and herders of northern Nigeria face similar pressures. In their case study of northern Nigeria, Nyong et al (Chapter 11) find that food scarcity and rising food prices have led to intensification of farming and grazing and expansion of these activities into more marginal lands.

Many vector-borne infectious diseases are climate-sensitive and epidemics of these diseases can occur when their natural ecology is disturbed by environmental changes, including changes in climate (McMichael et al, 2001). For example, observations of numbers of malaria and dengue cases vary with interannual variations in climate (Wandiga et al, Chapter 18; Heslop-Thomas et al, Chapter 19; Kilian et al, 1999; Lindblade et al, 1999). In the Lake Victoria region of East Africa, significant anomalies in temperature and rainfall were recorded during the El Niño period of 1997–1998 and these were followed by severe malaria outbreaks.

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