By Richard Frederick Clarke

In 1889 the Jesuit Richard F. Clarke released this biography of Charles Lavigerie (1825-1892), the French cardinal and Primate of Africa. From the instant of his arrival in Algeria in 1868, Lavigerie grew to become a key, if occasionally arguable, determine in setting up Catholic missions in Africa. In 1874 he based the Society of Missionaries for Africa, in a different way referred to as the White Fathers after the white Arab gown they wore. Lavigerie's later occupation was once dedicated to the conflict opposed to slavery and in 1888 he carried out a crusade in different eu capitals denouncing the perform. Clarke's ebook, which seemed a yr after Lavigerie's stopover at to London, offers an account of the cardinal's occupation in France and Africa as much as that date. It emphasises and praises Lavigerie's anti-slavery message, relating him within the preface as 'the apostle of the slaves of all Africa'.

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Yes, father, it is Sidna-Issa " (the Lord Jesus). ' As may be imagined, I readily consented to the fulfilment of his pious desire, and a few days later, as he was sinking fast, the priest who had baptised him brought him the Holy Eucharist. The effect produced upon the child was so marvellous that it will never be forgotten by those who witnessed it. At the sio-ht of the Sacred Host, the countenance of this poor little Arab —but yesterday a savage, to-day the prey of a terrible and fatal disease—beamed with the celestial brightness of faith and love.

Mgr. Lavigerie also paid great attention to the extension and improvement of several religious communities of women. One of these had for its object to teach and care for the children of the poor in country districts, and to nurse the sick. Another had been specially established in view of opening workrooms for young girls. Several of these communities were called upon at a later period to form a house in Algeria, and devote themselves to missionary work, under the direction of Mgr. Lavigerie. While the ties which united the Bishop of Nancy to his flock grew and strengthened month by month and year by year, the hour was rapidly approaching when those ties were to be severed in a sudden and unexpected manner.

Lavigerie saw at first no alternative but to send the future professors to the House of Higher Studies in Paris, where he had himself been first a student, then a teacher. But this plan had serious drawbacks, and was at the best uncertain, on account of the difficulty of finding a sufficient number of vacancies in an institution under the jurisdiction of another bishop. In addition to this, Mgr. Lavigerie was fully alive to the advantage of having under his immediate control and surveillance the young men who were destined for so important a work as that of education.

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