By Christine J. Wade

Scope and content material: "El Salvador is largely one among the main winning United countries peacebuilding efforts, yet list murder premiums, political polarization, socioeconomic exclusion, and corruption have reduced the standard of peace for lots of of its voters. In Captured Peace : Elites and Peacebuilding in El Salvador, Christine J. Wade adapts the idea that of elite trap to extend at the proposal of  Read more...

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Political parties, not citizens, became the primary political actors in El Salvador’s new democracy. Moreover, the lack of reconciliation between the wartime adversaries limited prospects for societal reconciliation. Neoliberal economic reforms failed to generate long-term sustainable growth, and Salvadorans increasingly came to rely on remittances to sustain their households. The delays and difficulties associated with the restructuring of the armed forces and the creation of the new civilian police force resulted in a security gap that has had profound consequences for every aspect of Salvadoran society.

97 There were deep divisions between the PDC, ARENA, and the PCN, which had a general mistrust of one another. Under pressure from the United States, the parties signed the Pact of Apaneca in an attempt to end the infighting between parties. 98 Thus, the oligarchy was establishing a foothold in politics once again thanks, in part, to the electoral process. “Demonstration” Democracy and the Making of a New Right The March 1984 elections were supposed to signify the transition away from the political uncertainty that had plagued El Salvador since the 1979 coup.

The incumbent party, the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA), held the presidency for twenty years (1989–2009). Those twenty years spanned the final months of the war, peace negotiations, the implementation of the accords, and four presidential election cycles that culminated in ARENA’s loss of the presidency, in 2009. S. assistance gave the party near complete dominance over policymaking during that period. I argue that ARENA’s incumbency gave it significant political advantages in determining the content of negotiations, overseeing the implementation of the peace accords, and directing economic policy.

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