By Regina Smyth
Within the early Nineteen Nineties, aggressive elections within the Russian Federation signaled the tip to the authoritarian political process ruled by way of a unmarried political occasion. greater than ten years and plenty of elections later, a unmarried occasion led via Russian President Vladimir Putin threatens to finish Russia's democratic test. Russia's adventure with new elections isn't really particular however it does problem latest theories of democratic consolidation through displaying that aggressive elections can't warrantly profitable democratic consolidation. This e-book explores the stipulations lower than which electoral pageant contributes to democratic improvement by way of interpreting influence of elections on democratic consolidation.
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Within the early Nineteen Nineties, aggressive elections within the Russian Federation signaled the tip to the authoritarian political method ruled by way of a unmarried political celebration. greater than ten years and lots of elections later, a unmarried occasion led by means of Russian President Vladimir Putin threatens to finish Russia's democratic test.
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Additional resources for Candidate Strategies and Electoral Competition in the Russian Federation: Democracy without Foundation
Some transitional countries introduce electoral competition with strong bases, while others, such as Russia, begin with almost no foundation. Although we often expect repeated elections to produce infrastructure in time, the growing number of countries that have stalled on the path to consolidation suggests that this progression is not inevitable. The infrastructure measures point to concrete tools to assess the capacities of new regimes in order to understand the trajectory of political development.
2 can be interpreted in a straightforward manner. 2. 01. be at the end of the period. Finally, the passage of time between the point of founding elections and 2003 does seem to provide states the opportunity to move toward consolidation, although a more complete analysis awaits the assessment of adjusted impact that follows. We can produce a more nuanced picture of the impact of each factor on consolidation by multiplying the parameter by the range of each variable in the data set. This transformation shows the potential impact of each explanatory factor by controlling for the fact that some factors vary over a wide range and others do not.
Finally, the EU candidate variable is also strongly signiﬁcant, underscoring the important role that the EU plays in maintaining democratic development in postcommunist Europe. In terms of procedural variables, the parameters reveal that the level of elite commitment and procedural regularity at the point of founding elections is directly correlated with the overall level of democracy in 2003. The higher the score at the founding, the higher the overall FH score is likely to 11 30 The small number of cases included in the analysis raises questions about the impact of outliers on the parameter estimates and the validity of hypotheses tests.