By David Glantz
A new edited translation of the Soviet employees examine of the pink Army's Belorussian operation in the summertime of 1944, which was once unparalleled by way of its scale, scope and strategic outcomes.
The Soviet Stavka had deliberate a crusade which includes a sequence of huge operations spanning the complete Soviet-German entrance. 4 strong fronts (army teams) operated lower than shut Stavka (high command) keep watch over. Over 1.8 million troops acomplished a feat exact within the historical past of the purple military: the defeat and dismemberment of a whole German military team. This e-book is a translation of the Soviet basic employees examine No 18, a piece initially categorised as 'secret' and meant to teach Soviet commanders and employees officials. The operation is gifted from the Soviet standpoint, within the phrases of the people who deliberate and orchestrated the plans. A map complement, together with terrain maps, is supplied to demonstrate the stream of the operation in better element.
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Extra info for Belorussia 1944 : the Soviet General Staff study
There were five or six trench lines in this belt. The remaining defensive positions were inadequately fortified and were often a single trench with open areas for firing. The enemy turned Bobruisk into a large center of resistance. The 31 May Stavka directive ordered the 1st Belorussian Front to: Belorussia 1944 20 • Prepare and conduct an operation to defeat the enemy’s Bobruisk grouping and reach the Pukhovichi, Osipovichi, and Slutsk region with [the army’s] main forces. To penetrate the enemy defense while launching two attacks: one from the Rogachev region in the general direction of Bobruisk and Osipovichi with the forces of the 3d and 48th Armies, and the other from the region of the lower course of the Berezina River in the general direction of Starye Dorogi and Slutsk with the forces of the 65th and 28th Armies.
With respect to the nature of the terrain and the presence of roads, the most convenient axis for the 2d Belorussian Front’s offensive was the sector along the Mstislavl’, Riasna, and Mogilev road. It was also more convenient to have the jumping-off area here, in that there were large forest tracts adjacent to the Pronia River, which contributed to secrecy of troop concentration. In accordance with the 31 May directive from the Stavka of the Supreme High Command, by 10 June the 2d Belorussian Front’s Military Council had developed its operational plan.
In his concept of the operation, the front commander attached great importance to the rapid advance of his southern grouping, which (with the employment of a strong cavalrymechanized group in its sector) was to overwhelm the enemy’s Bobruisk grouping from the west and encircle its main forces east of the Berezina River. The operational plan envisioned not only the encirclement and destruction of the enemy in the Bobruisk region but also the subsequent rapid advance of front forces to Pukhovichi, Minsk, and Starye Dorogi, Slutsk.