By Fikret Yegul

Bathing in antiquity elevates a prosaic functionality to the extent of a civic establishment for which there's no counterpart in modern tradition. Enriched by way of over 500 illustrations, lots of them through the author, Baths and Bathing in Classical Antiquity is a big sourcebook for this historic establishment. via 1000's of examples, it reports and analyzes the constitution, functionality, and layout of baths, trying to combine their structure with the broader social and cultural customized of bathing, and reading specifically the alterations this tradition underwent in overdue Antiquity and in Byzantine and Islamic cultures.

Yegul explores the complexities of historic bathing from a number of issues of view. Sociologically, the baths with their sizeable attraction for all degrees of society - have been noticeable because the epitome of democratic beliefs and associations. Politically, they supplied the ideal automobile of propaganda: their lavish and sumptuous interiors mirrored the could and prosperity of the Roman empire and the obvious generosity of the emperor himself.

Architecturally, baths are on the forefront within the improvement of Roman development expertise. a few of the earliest makes use of of concrete as a development fabric and the main cutting edge purposes of the aesthetics of concrete - daring, curvilinear varieties, vaults, and domes concerned bathtub constructions. due to their prestige as transition among in simple terms utilitarian buildings and the extra conservative, conventional different types of public and non secular structure, the baths helped to propagate and make applicable new principles and new types in architecture.

Fikret okay. Yegul is a working towards architect, Professor of the historical past of structure, and Chair of the paintings heritage division on the collage of California at Santa Barbara.

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Jh. vor. Die meisten Gelehrten wurden von seiner Argumentation nicht überzeugt, so daß in den 90ern hauptsächlich die Bittel'sche Datierung weitgehende Zustimmung unter den klassischen Archäologen genoß. K. Sams 111 veröffentliche weitere Skulpturen aus Gordion, die allerdings so fragmentarisch erhalten sind, daß sie keine prägende Rolle bei der Frage der Datierung der 'phrygisch' Plastik spielen konnten. Einen wichtigen Markstein bezüglich dieser Frage bildet der Fund 1986 der Elmalı-Statuetten aus einem gutdatierbaren Kontext.

Zu datieren128. Die neue Datierung der eisenzeitlichen Keramik Gordions und Boğazköys wurde zunächst akzeptiert 129 , blieb jedoch nicht ganz ohne Widerspruch. Keenan äußerte in zwei sehr polemischen Aufsätzen den Verdacht, daß Manning, Kromer, Kuniholm und Newton im Prinzip manipulierte Ergebnise publizierten, um zu dieser frühen Datierung zu gelangen 130 ! E. womöglich erahnen, daß hinter Keenans Polemik persönliche Motivationen stecken 131 . Denn diese Ergebnise wurden nicht von einem sondern von 126 127 128 129 130 131 Ausführlich dazu und mit älterer Literatur: Bossert 2000, 162 ff.

18. -D. Niemeier, Myceneans and Hittites in War in Western Asia Minor, Aegeum 19, 1999, I, Taf. M. Jasink, Kizzuwatna and Tarhuntašša: Their Historical Evolution and Interactions with Hatti, in: E. M. Dinçol – S. -CA. M. Dinçol – J. Yakar – B. Dinçol – A. Taffet, Die Grenzen von Tarhuntašša im Lichte geographischer Beobachtungen, ebenda 79-86. Sie werden mit den aus assyrischen Quellen bekannten Muški gleichgesetzt: P. Meriggi, Una prima attestazione epicorica dei Moschi in Frigia, Athenaeum 42, 1964, 52-59.

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