By Georges Roux

Newly revised and containing details from contemporary excavations and came across artifacts, Ancient Iraq covers the political, cultural, and socio-economic heritage from Mesopotamia days of prehistory to the Christian era.

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Ancient Iraq: Third Edition

Newly revised and containing info from fresh excavations and came upon artifacts, historical Iraq covers the political, cultural, and socio-economic background from Mesopotamia days of prehistory to the Christian period.

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It is not infrequent for archaeologists to find two, three or more superimposed floors in one house. Provided these things were done, mud-brick buildings could last for a great many years. But then one day something happened. Whether it was war, fire, epidemic, earthquake, flood or change in river course, the result was the same: the town was partly or totally deserted. The roofs left unattended collapsed and the walls, now exposed to weather on both faces, crumbled down, filling up the rooms and sealing off the objects left behind by the householders.

Not only is the desert always potentially present between the twin rivers, ready to creep in and take the place of cornfields and palm-groves as soon as rivers change their course or canals become silted-up, but large areas on the left bank of the Tigris and of the Middle Euphrates have always been dreary wastes strewn with dry wadis and salt lakes, scarcely inhabited at the best of times and by-passed by the main trade routes. In the north-western part of Mesopotamia, beyond the thin ridges formed by Jabal ‘Abd-al-Aziz and Jabal Sinjar and up to the foot of the Taurus, the plain called by the Arabs al Jazirah, ‘the island’, spans the 400 kilometres which separate the Tigris from the Euphrates.

2. Typical buildings and objects from the Hassuna, Halaf and Ubaid periods. 3. Examples of decorated pottery from the Neolithic to Jemat Nasr period. 4. Diagrammatic section through the archaic levels of Uruk. 5. Cylinder-seals from the Uruk period. 6. Cuneiform signs through the ages. 7. Investiture of Zimri-Lim as King of Mari by the goddess Ishtar. 8. The world as seen by the Sumerians. 9. The oval temple of Khafaje. 10. The ‘helmet’ of Meskalamdug, King of Ur. 11. The ziqqurat of Ur in the time of the Third Dynasty of Ur.

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