By Georges Roux
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This compilation of thirteen papers via students from eire, England and Denmark, examine the level and nature of Viking impact in eire. Created in shut organization with exhibitions held on the nationwide Musem of eire in 1998-99 and on the nationwide send Museum in Roskilde in 2001, the papers speak about elements of faith, paintings, literature and placenames, cities and society, drawing jointly techniques at the trade of tradition and ideas in Viking Age eire and the level to which latest identities have been maintained, misplaced or assimilated.
The ebook is a section incoherent, because it jumps round eras. however it supplies loads of attention-grabbing element. It used to be strong to benefit one strong characteristic on Neolithic dwelling, plenty of pistachios.
Newly revised and containing info from fresh excavations and came upon artifacts, historical Iraq covers the political, cultural, and socio-economic background from Mesopotamia days of prehistory to the Christian period.
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Extra info for Ancient Iraq: Third Edition
It is not infrequent for archaeologists to find two, three or more superimposed floors in one house. Provided these things were done, mud-brick buildings could last for a great many years. But then one day something happened. Whether it was war, fire, epidemic, earthquake, flood or change in river course, the result was the same: the town was partly or totally deserted. The roofs left unattended collapsed and the walls, now exposed to weather on both faces, crumbled down, filling up the rooms and sealing off the objects left behind by the householders.
Not only is the desert always potentially present between the twin rivers, ready to creep in and take the place of cornfields and palm-groves as soon as rivers change their course or canals become silted-up, but large areas on the left bank of the Tigris and of the Middle Euphrates have always been dreary wastes strewn with dry wadis and salt lakes, scarcely inhabited at the best of times and by-passed by the main trade routes. In the north-western part of Mesopotamia, beyond the thin ridges formed by Jabal ‘Abd-al-Aziz and Jabal Sinjar and up to the foot of the Taurus, the plain called by the Arabs al Jazirah, ‘the island’, spans the 400 kilometres which separate the Tigris from the Euphrates.
2. Typical buildings and objects from the Hassuna, Halaf and Ubaid periods. 3. Examples of decorated pottery from the Neolithic to Jemat Nasr period. 4. Diagrammatic section through the archaic levels of Uruk. 5. Cylinder-seals from the Uruk period. 6. Cuneiform signs through the ages. 7. Investiture of Zimri-Lim as King of Mari by the goddess Ishtar. 8. The world as seen by the Sumerians. 9. The oval temple of Khafaje. 10. The ‘helmet’ of Meskalamdug, King of Ur. 11. The ziqqurat of Ur in the time of the Third Dynasty of Ur.