By David Gough

An advent to Systematic Reviews offers a quick, obtainable and technically up to date publication masking the entire breadth of methods to studies from statistical meta research to meta ethnography. The content material is split into 5 major sections protecting: methods to reviewing; getting began; accumulating and describing study; appraising and synthesizing facts; and using experiences and types of study use. As systematic studies develop into integrated in lots of extra graduate-level classes this publication solutions the starting to be call for for a undemanding advisor.

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5 How much time is there for thought and discussion? 6 What costs will be accrued? For travel, refreshments, a venue, honoraria? 7 How will stakeholders’ contributions be acknowledged in the report? Conclusion This chapter has described the practical implications of seeing systematic reviews from different perspectives. Towards the end of the second millennium the growing enthusiasm for a more participatory approach to developing services was applied to research and ‘evidence-informed decision-making’.

2006; Sakala and Mayberry 2006). Most frequently, stakeholders are consulted individually (Type D). This might be for their comments on draft protocols (see Chapter 1) or reports, which are an extension of the conventional scientific peer review process. An alternative approach to consultation is the use of focus groups or interviews with stakeholders to develop understanding about a topic or to seek comments or suggestions. Examples of this approach are provided by reviews about travel to school and smoking cessation for pregnant women (see Gough et al.

TWO Stakeholder perspectives and participation in reviews Rebecca Rees and Sandy Oliver Review initiation Form reviewForm team review team Engage stakeholders Engage stakeholders Review question & methodology Formulate question, conceptual framework & approach Search strategy Search & screen for inclusion using eligibility criteria Description of study characteristics Code to match or build a conceptual framework Quality and relevance assessment Apply quality appraisal criteria Synthesis Use conceptual framework, study codes & quality judgments Using reviews Interpret & communicate findings with stakeholders 18 An introduction to systematic reviews Aims of chapter This chapter addreses the initiation stage of a review.

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