By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey

Drawing at the newest, groundbreaking archaeological examine, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the heritage of historic Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book.  Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the good within the fourth century BCE until eventually the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological facts with old literary resources (including the Bible) to supply a sustained evaluate of the tumultuous highbrow and non secular adjustments that impacted international heritage in the course of the Greco-Roman period.

The authors display how the transformation of the traditional close to East lower than the impression of the Greeks after which the Romans resulted in foundational alterations in either the cloth and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule by way of the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire offer a heritage for the emergence of Christianity.  The authors discover within the archaeological checklist how Judaism and Christianity have been nearly undistinguishable for hundreds of years, until eventually the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.

The in basic terms book-length evaluate to be had that specializes in the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this accomplished and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new gentle at the lands of the Bible.

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Extra info for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III

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The minting of local coins, however, in no way suggests that Yehud during this time had any higher degree of independence or even administrative autonomy than before. Moreover, the coinage ends in the reign of Ptolemy II. In addition, the very small denominations show that they were intended for only minimal exchanges. Together with the Zenon papyri and the Tobiad estate, the Ptolemaic coins illustrate the degree to which the southern Levant and Transjordan were integrated into the Ptolemaic kingdom and how the rulers exploited the local populations in the third century.

For some Jews, at least, images were acceptable as long as they were not functioning as idols, a perspective that Steven Fine has labeled anti-idolic. 54 The tombs of Benei Hezir and Jason were hardly alone. Josephus’s frequent references to the tomb of the “High Priest John” sug- Fig. 15. com) 42 the advent of hellenism Fig. 16. 169). Funerary structures like these are forerunners of later monuments such as the recently discovered tomb at Herodium that likely served as the burial spot of King Herod, the Tomb of the Kings north of the Damascus Gate, and the Tomb of Absalom and Tomb of Zechariah in the Kidron Valley (fig.

42 Throughout the region, some sites went out of use, others appear to have had a change of occupants, and new settlements appeared. 43 Numismatic finds at Jotapata and Meiron provide striking testimony of change: the influx of Seleucid coins ceased and that of Hasmonean coins began. 44 Especially in Upper Galilee, the changing ceramic profile illustrates shifts in settlement patterns. In the western part of the region, users of Phoenician jars began slowly retreating toward the coast, leaving behind their inland sites.

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