By I. M. D. Little

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Put up yr word: initially released February fifth 2007

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Extra resources for Aid to Africa. An Appraisal of U.K. Policy for Aid to Africa South of the Sahara

Sample text

Forcing a recipient to import from a particular donor creates commercial contacts, repeat orders, and replacement orders, which will materially assist that donor's trade in the long-run (again, the importance of this is arguable—but, again, the real importance does not matter so much, for donors certainly act on the assumption that it is important). The result is that there is a strong tendency for even those donors who have no balance of payments problems to tie their aid also, especially as they come under pressure to do so from their own industrialists.

Contribution of £40,000. 1 This policy is now in process of being changed. D. F. D. at Tokyo. 2 This presupposes that they cannot be expected to increase their savings by higher taxation or by reducing inessential non-developmental expenditure. While some African countries could certainly do rather more to help themselves in this way, in most cases it would be unreasonable to expect African governments to raise significantly more money. 27 A I D T O AFRICA Countries which are short of domestic funds also have by implication available real resources to use for development.

It could lastly be objected that close supervision of how donors' grants and loans are spent does little good, because all the sensible projects then get assigned to the aid sphere, while the silly ones continue unchecked. This could be an objection where a country has considerable development money of its own. But no African country is likely to have much in the future, so that donors' influence over aid money will imply also much influence on the whole development programme. This is especially so since aid can, to an appropriate degree, be given so as to tie up the recipient's own money.

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