By Chambi Chachage, Annar Cassam

Julius Kambarage Nyerere, the 1st president of Tanzania, used to be a Pan-Africanist and an internationalist, and this ebook comprises contributions from prime commentators—those who labored and fought imperialism along Nyerere, contributors of a more youthful new release, and Nyerere in his personal phrases. The writings think about Nyerere and liberation, the Commonwealth, management, financial improvement, land, human rights, and schooling. certainly, they seem to be a testomony to the transforming into popularity of the necessity to re-ignite the fires of African socialism to which Nyerere used to be deeply devoted.

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Extra resources for Africa's liberation: the legacy of Nyerere

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Back to the Future Within the attempts to build an egalitarian society, Mwalimu Nyerere then championed the position that Tanzania’s identity was Africa. In the early 1970s, when asked about what sort of a country he expected Tanzania to be in 20 years time, he answered: ‘I hope there won’t be a Tanzania. If there is not an Africa, then 24 Reading history backwards at least I hope there will be an East Africa. ’ He summed up: ‘And by that time we should have a society of which the people are very proud; we should really have built a classless society.

From 1967, then, Tanzania’s actions on the domestic and international arenas were judged in accordance with the terms of the Arusha Declaration. Tanzania’s close relationship with China or its acceptance of aid from the then socialist countries of Eastern Europe were seen as tendencies to further integrate Tanzania within the socialist orbit. But, as Julius Nyerere kept reiterating, the Arusha Declaration should have been viewed as a statement of intent. Neither in 1967 nor in 1985 when he stepped down from the presidency was Tanzania a socialist state.

243). Mwalimu Nyerere told the Maryknoll Sisters that development had to be accompanied by equitable distribution of wealth. It was not ‘simply an increase in the national income figures of the poor countries, nor listing of the huge increases in the production of this or that industry,’ new roads, factories, farms, etc. Though these were quite essential, they were not enough in themselves. The economic growth must be of such a kind, and so organised, that it benefits the nations and the peoples who are now suffering from poverty.

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