By Cristóbal de Molina, Brian S. Bauer, Vania Smith-Oka, Gabriel E. Cantarutti
Just a couple of many years after the Spanish conquest of Peru, the 3rd Bishop of Cuzco, Sebastián de Lartaún, referred to as for a file at the non secular practices of the Incas. The file used to be ready through Cristóbal de Molina, a clergyman of the sanatorium for the Natives of Our woman of Succor in Cuzco and Preacher common of town. Molina was once an exceptional Quechua speaker, and his complex language talents allowed him to interview the older indigenous males of Cuzco who have been one of the final surviving eyewitnesses of the rituals performed on the peak of Inca rule. therefore, Molina's account preserves a vital first-hand checklist of Inca non secular ideals and practices.This quantity is the 1st English translation of Molina's Relación de las fábulas y ritos de los incas considering that 1873 and comprises the 1st authoritative scholarly remark and notes. The paintings opens with a number of Inca production myths and outlines of the most important gods and shrines (huacas). Molina then discusses an important rituals that happened in Cuzco in the course of every month of the yr, in addition to rituals that weren't tied to the ceremonial calendar, akin to beginning rituals, girl initiation rites, and marriages. Molina additionally describes the Capacocha ritual, within which all of the shrines of the empire have been provided sacrifices, in addition to the Taqui Ongoy, a millennial circulation that unfold around the Andes through the overdue 1560s based on starting to be Spanish domination and speeded up violence opposed to the so-called idolatrous religions of the Andean peoples.
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Extra resources for Account of the Fables and Rites of the Incas
They say that all the Cañaris descend [from] these brothers and sisters, the children of this huacamaya, who spread across the province of Cañaribamba. Thus they hold the hill called Huacayñan as a huaca and they [hold] the huacamayas in great veneration. 23 During the day they did not eat, and at night they were watching the stars to such a degree that the shepherd who took care of them asked them what was happening. 24 Thus, having heard this, the shepherd dis12 ] Account of the Fables and Rites of the incas cussed it with his six sons and daughters, and they decided to gather as much food and livestock as they could, and [then] they climbed a very high hill called Ancasmarca.
20 ] Account of the Fables and Rites of the incas Chapter 5 The Rituals of the Months of the Year T he types of rituals and sacrifices that they carried out, in each month of the year, are as follows. 3 In this month they would sacrifice a great quantity of rams of all colors to the Sun. ] that were white and woolly; other rams called huanacos; other white [and] woolly pacos [alpacas]4 called cuyllos [bright whites]; other pacos called paucarpaco[s] [red alpacas] [that] were red and woolly females; other pacos called oquipaco[s] [gray alpacas]; other large rams called chumpi [chestnut brown] whose color was almost chestnut brown; and other rams called llanca llama [black llama], which were black and woolly.
Thus they worshipped them and offered sacrifices of the things that each nation used. Nevertheless, there were some nations that knew, before the Incas conquered them, that there was a Creator of All Things. Although they made some sacrifices to him, they were neither in such amounts nor with such veneration as [those made] to their huacas. Continuing the above fable, they say that during those times the Creator was in Tiahuanaco. They say that because it was his principal seat, there were some magnificent buildings worthy of great admiration there, in which were painted many of the costumes of these Indians, and [there were] many stone statues of men and origin myths [5 women.