By Gordon Kerr

A comprehensive creation to the sprawling background of this huge, immense continent, from the sunrise of human time in prehistoric Africa all the way through to Arab Spring

Beginning with the origins of the human race and the advance of stone age know-how, this background of the cradle of civilization strikes via historic and medieval instances, the importance of the Arab presence, the Muslim states, and the trans-Saharan trade. It keeps with the increase and fall of country states and kingdoms ahead of the arriving of Europeans, Ghana, the Kingdoms of the wooded area and Savanna, Yoruba, Oyo, Benin, Asante, Luba, Lunda, Lozil, etc, directly to the start of the slave alternate, and the ecu conquest and colonization of sub-Saharan Africa, the "Scramble for Africa." ultimately relocating onto the usually sour struggles for independence from that interval of colonization and exploitation, it concludes with an overview of Africa within the twenty first century.

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Extra resources for A Short History of Africa: From the Origins of the Human Race to the Arab Spring

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It took two months to remove the enormous quantities of coffee. The Société congolaise de café, the largest owner of coffee stocks in the area, went bankrupt. In one instance, Bemba even seized 200 tons of coffee beans from SCIBE, a company owned by his father, Bemba Saolona. Similar looting reportedly occurred at banks throughout eastern Congo, both in the Rwandan and Ugandan zones. 1). The UN panel points out that the governments of Uganda and Rwanda could scarcely have been unaware of the pillage carried out by their forces, given its scale.

Some suggest that over-populated Rwanda has no choice but to seek ‘lebensraum’ across the border. Such an analysis fails to account for a series of rather different policies since independence, despite the unchanging facts of Rwanda’s population density and Congo’s sparseness. 4 A more rewarding approach would start from the fact that Congo and Rwanda are polar opposites in terms of natural resources. King Leopold II created the ‘Congo Free State’ with the idea that his colony would prove extremely rich, although little was known about Congo’s riches at the time.

His moves against the politicians (‘liars’ according to public opinion) were supported. Nationalization of the universities was popular with professors and students, two important constituencies. Congolese, like most people, make political choices in terms of their perceived economic conditions and interests. From 1968 to around 1974, economic conditions were good, thanks to the restoration of order and the high price of copper on international markets. Starting in 1974, there was a series of disasters, some of them self-inflicted.

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