By Brian Bocking

A entire thesaurus and reference paintings with greater than one thousand entries on Shinto starting from short definitions and eastern phrases to brief essays facing facets of Shinto perform, trust and associations from early instances as much as the current day.

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Goryō-e Rituals for the pacification of goryō. These developed in Kyōto from the ninth century and became widely popular. The Gion matsuri and other festivals originated as goryō-e. Gosekku ‘The five seasonal days (sekku)’. After the 7th of the 1st month (nanakusa; seven herbs) these are respectively 3 March (3/3: Momo-no-sekku; Hina-matsuri), 5 May (5/5: Tango-no-sekku; kodomo-no-hi), 7 July (7/7: Tanabata) and 9 September (9/9: Kikuno-sekku). Gōshi Literally ‘enshrine together’. The ceremony of apotheosis (enshrinement as kami) of a group of souls, performed since the Meiji era for more than two million war dead at the Yasukuni Jinja and in regional nation-protecting shrines (gokoku jinja) or shrines for the spirits of the war-dead (shōkonsha).

See also kamado no kami Hinoki ‘Tree of fire’. Chamaecyparis obtusa, the hinoki cypress. ‘Fire’ refers to its colouring. It is regarded as sacred for its use in shrine building. A conical conifer which grows to 20 metres, it has stringy red-brown bark, and bears aromatic dark green scale-like leaves with silver sides and small yellow-brown cones. See also sakaki. Hiōgi A plain fan which forms part of the formal attire of a Shintō priest. It is made of narrow strips of hinoki tied with thread and imitates the type of fan used by Heian aristocrats.

A celebrated hadaka-matsuri is held for example at Enzō-ji Buddhist temple, Fukushima on January 7th. When the temple bell sounds at 8pm semi-naked youths and men swarm up a rope to the roof to attract good fortune for the coming year. At the Oni-jinja, Aomori, youths wearing mawashi make offerings of shimenawa at the shrine on new year’s day. At the Kompira jinja, Akita, participants dressed only in a koshi-mino, grass underskirt, immerse themselves in the river for purification before offering candles and other gifts to the shrine, while at the Chōkoku-ji temple in Nagano the procession includes mikoshi modelled in the form of sacred horses, bales of rice or sake barrels, and the participants jump into the river.

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