By Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes

This best-selling textual content for introductory Latin American historical past classes, A heritage of Latin the US, encompasses political and diplomatic conception, type constitution and monetary association, tradition and faith, and the surroundings. The integrating framework is the dependency concept, the most well-liked interpretation of Latin American historical past, which stresses the industrial courting of Latin American countries to wealthier international locations, relatively the United States.Spanning pre-historic instances to the current, A background of Latin the US makes use of either a chronological and a nation-by-nation technique, and comprises the latest old research and the main updated learn. this can be the main streamlined and cohesive version but, with monstrous additions to pedagogy and bankruptcy content material. improved assurance of social and cultural background contains ladies, indigenous cultures, and Afro-Latino peoples.

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Instead of streets, numerous canals that thronged with canoes and were bordered by footpaths provided access to the thousands of houses that lined their sides. An aqueduct in solid masonry brought fresh water from the mountain springs of Chapultepec. On the outlying chinampas, the Aztec farmers, who paddled their produce to town in tiny dugouts, lived in huts with thatched roofs resting on walls of wattle smeared with mud. Inside each hut were a three-legged metate (grinding stone), a few mats that served as beds and seats, some pottery, and little more.

Other important divinities were the sun god, the moon goddess, the rain god, the maize god, and the much-feared god of death. The Maya believed that a number of worlds had successively appeared and been destroyed and that this world, too, would end in catastrophe. The Maya believed in an afterlife: an Upper World that consisted of thirteen layers and an Under World with nine. A certain god presided over each layer, with the god of death, Ah Puch, reigning over the lowest layer of the Under World.

All these specialists were organized in guilds, each with its guildhall and patron god; their professions were probably passed from father to son. The artist and the craftsman enjoyed a position of high honor and responsibility in Aztec society. Assigning the origin of all their arts and crafts to the Toltec period, the Aztecs applied the name Toltec to the true or master painter, singer, potter, or sculptor. Advances in regional division of labor and the growth of the market for luxury goods also led to the emergence of a merchant class, which was organized in a very powerful guild.

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