By Akira Hirakawa (Autor), Paul Groner (Translator)

The e-book, the summation of a life of study on Indian Buddhism, is a really finished dialogue of Indian Buddhism. The textual content offers the debates of Indian Buddhism that experience happened within the jap educational neighborhood and emphasizes concerns that experience frequently been taken care of basically in passing in India and the West. eventually, the booklet incorporates a bibliography which supplies a huge glance of the learn.

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Extra info for A History of Indian Buddhism: From Sakyamuni to Early Mahayana

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T he m in d was considered to have a n in n a te w isdom . Because its basic n a tu r e involved th o u g h t, w h en the m in d was q u ieted a n d focused and cot] cent rat ion s tre n g ih e n e d , th en a su perio r form o f wisdom w o u l d n a t ­ urally be m anifested Both Buddhist m e d ila tio n a n d w ere m e a n s of p ro d u c in g w isd om , but since they em p lo y ed different m e th o d s o f co n ­ ce n tra tio n , the resultant w isd om pro bably differed. T h e w isdom p ro ­ duced w h en en lig h ten m en t was realized th ro u g h B u dd hist m editation was described a s " s e e i n g the D h a r m a ^ 1 T h e B u d d h a progressed th ro u g h m o re p ro fou nd m editative states as he passed th ro u g h the F o u r T ran ces, T h e s e w ere p ro b ab ly the n aiu ral result o f his m a n y years o f tra in in g , a te m p e r a m e n t thai seem s to have been suited to m ed itatio n from th e tim e he w as young, a n d the tra in in g he received from his early teachers A ra d a a n d U d ra k a .

14 O n c e the B uddha decided to p r e a c h „ he h a d to d e te rm in e w ho his first au d icn ee w ould be. H e eventually decidcd to preach to the five m on ks who had helped h im w hen he was u n d e rg o in g austerities because he thought they w ould be able to u n d e rs ta n d the truths he h a d discov­ ered H e [raveled west to the D eer IJark ( M r g a d a v a ) a t B enares T o d a y the D e e r P ark is k n o w n as S aru atli a n d is the site o f ruins c o m m e m o r a t ­ ing the B u d d h a 's first serm on .

T h e g ro u p h m en tio n ed in the edicts of Asoka a n d in the Arfha-sdstra. A long with the B uddhists a n d J a in a s , the Afivikas rem ain ed a n im p o rta n t g ro u p in In d ia d u rin g th e following centuries, G o sa lip u tra is said to have practiced au sterities with o n e o f the fo u n d ers o f j a i n i s m , M ah av lra* a n d a p p aren tly believed that he could a tta in salvation th ro u g h those austerities. T h e third heterodox teacher* Ajiia KeSakam bala* took a m aterialist position a n d a rg u e d that ev e ry th in g was com p osed o f only four ele­ m ents: e a rth , water, fire, a n d w ind.

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