By Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen, Jared Douglas Rhoton

A transparent Differentiation of the 3 Codes offers the 1st English translation of the sDom gsum rab dbye, probably the most recognized and arguable doctrinal treatises of Tibetan Buddhism. Written via Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen (1182–1251), a founding father of the Sakya college and one among Tibet’s so much realized sages, the 3 Codes strongly inspired next non secular and highbrow traditions in Tibet—and sparked a few long-lasting doctrinal and philosophical disputes, a few of which persist this present day. within the 3 Codes, Sakya Pandita discusses the Hinayana, Mahayana, and Tantric vows of Buddhist behavior, which regularly diverge and contradict one another. He criticizes, on a minimum of one element or one other, later practitioners of just about each lineage, together with the Kadampa, Kagyupa, and Nyingmapa, for contradicting the unique teachings in their personal traditions.

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Additional info for A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes: Essential Differentiations Among the Individual Liberation, Great Vehicle, and Tantric Systems

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57· 58. 59· 6o. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 33 learned Gyaltshap Darma Rinchen (1364-1432, chief prama1,1a disciple and monastic successor to Tsongkhapa), and by two much later Nyingmapa scholars, Ju Mipham Gyatsho (1846-1912) and Gongmar Rinchen (fl. twentieth century, khenpo of the Dwngsar seminary). , rGyal-tshab's Rigs gter rnam bshad (1994). On Sapan's Entmnce Gate for the Wise (mKhas Jug), see D. Jackson (1987), which includes a translation of the work's third chapter. On the bstan rim ("stages of the doctrine") genre, see D.

38b-57a). Gorampa, DSNSh, p. 1. The Sanskrit equivalent of Kunga Gyaltshen Pal Sangpo is Anandadhvaja5ribhadra. Gorampa, DSNShp. 1. Gorampa, DSNSh, p. 1, and Ameshab, Sa skya gdung rabs chen mo (Genealogy of the Sakya 'Khon Family), p. 51. Gorampa, DSNSh, pp. r. Gorampa, DSNSh, p. 128. Ameshab, Genealogy ofthe Sakya 'Khon Family, fol. 128. Ameshab here quotes, almost verbatim, the biography of Sapan found in the Entrance Gate for the Wise (mKhas Jug) commentary of Lowo Khenchen Sonam Lhundrup (1456-1532).

Rhoton also translated the six letters to complete in one volume Sapan's statements on issues addressed in the Three Codes. For the convenience of the reader and to clarify the textual basis of the translation, a slightly emended Tibetan "vulgate" text of A Clear Differentiation ofthe Three Codes has been included as Appendix B. Although this is not a critical edition, it does indicate which reading the translator followed in arriving at the final English rendering. The text is based mainly on the 1736 Derge edition (accessible in the SKB reprint), though Dr.

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